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Neuroinflammatory and behavioral susceptibility profile of mice exposed to social stress towards cocaine effects

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dc.contributor.author Ballestín, Raúl
dc.contributor.author Alegre Zurano, Laia
dc.contributor.author Ferrer-Pérez, Carmen
dc.contributor.author Cantacorps Centellas, Lídia, 1991-
dc.contributor.author Miñarro, José
dc.contributor.author Valverde Granados, Olga
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez-Arias, Marta
dc.date.accessioned 2022-01-24T07:43:23Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Ballestín R, Alegre-Zurano L, Ferrer-Pérez C, Cantacorps L, Miñarro J, Valverde O, Rodríguez-Arias M. Neuroinflammatory and behavioral susceptibility profile of mice exposed to social stress towards cocaine effects. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2021;105:110123. DOI: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.110123
dc.identifier.issn 0278-5846
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/52294
dc.description.abstract Using the social defeat (SD) model, numerous studies have shown that stressed mice display an enhanced response to the motivational effects of cocaine in the self-administration (SA) and conditioned-place preference (CPP) paradigms. However, not all subjects exposed to stress express its harmful effects. Some are particularly susceptible to the deleterious effects of repeated SD, while resilient mice successfully cope with stressful experiences and display adjusted psychological functioning after stress. Vulnerability to develop stress-related disorders, such as depression, has been linked to coping strategies and more recently to individual differences in the immune system. However, no studies have evaluated if coping strategies and immune system reactivity to social stress experiences can also predict susceptibility to stress-induced enhancement of the cocaine response. We evaluated cocaine response in socially defeated mice in the CPP and SA paradigms. To evaluate neuroimmune reactivity to stress the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 and the chemokine CX3CL1 were measured in the striatum and hippocampus. Behavioral phenotype during and after SD episodes was also evaluated. Our results showed that susceptible mice to the depressive-like behaviors effects of stress showed increased conditioned rewarding effects of cocaine in the CPP. In addition, susceptible mice displayed passive-reactive coping behavior during social stress episodes and more pronounced changes in neuroinflammatory markers after the last SD episode, which lasted for one month. Although the complex mechanisms underlying susceptibility or resilience to social stress are still unclear, our results point to multiple adaptive stress responses expressed at different phenotypic levels.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Dirección General de Investigación, [grant numbers PSI 2017-83023-R]; Spanish Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Competiveness (SAF2016-75347-R) and FPI grant to LAZ BES-2017-080066), Spanish Ministry of Health (Plan Nacional sobre Drogas #2018/007), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Red de Trastornos Adictivos (RTA) [grant numbers RETICS RD06/0001/1006; RD12/0028/0005; and RD/16/0017/0010] and Unión Europea, Fondos FEDER “A way to build Europe”. The Department of Experimental and Health Sciences (UPF) is an “Unidad de Excelencia María de Maeztu” funded by the AEI (CEX2018-000792-M). The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2021;105:110123
dc.rights © Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.110123
dc.title Neuroinflammatory and behavioral susceptibility profile of mice exposed to social stress towards cocaine effects
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.110123
dc.subject.keyword Chemokine
dc.subject.keyword Cocaine
dc.subject.keyword Cytokine
dc.subject.keyword Neuroinflammation
dc.subject.keyword Resilience
dc.subject.keyword Social defeat
dc.subject.keyword Susceptibility
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/SAF2016-75347-R
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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