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Upgrading or polarization? occupational change in Britain, Germany, Spain and Switzerland, 1990-2008

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dc.contributor.author Oesch, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez Menés, Jorge
dc.contributor.other Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament de Ciències Polítiques i Socials
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-11T01:51:10Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-11T01:51:10Z
dc.date.issued 2009-10-29T15:05:01Z
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/2072/41843
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/5025
dc.description.abstract This paper analyzes the pattern of occupational change in four Western European countries over the last two decades: what kind of jobs have been expanding -- high-paid jobs, low-paid jobs or both? By addressing this issue, we also examine what theoretical account is consistent with the observed pattern of change: skill-biased technical change, skill supply evolution or wage-setting institutions? Our empirical findings show a picture of massive occupational upgrading that closely matches educational expansion. In all four countries, by far the strongest employment growth occurred at the top of the occupational hierarchy, among managers and professionals. Yet in parallel, in Britain and Switzerland, as well as in Germany and Spain after 1996 and 2002 respectively, relative employment declined more strongly in the middling occupations (among clerks and production workers) than at the bottom (among interpersonal service workers). This slightly polarized pattern of occupational upgrading is consistent with the "routinization" hypothesis that technology is a better substitute for average-paid jobs in production and the office that for low-paid jobs in interpersonal services. However, we find large cross-country differences in the employment evolution at the bottom of the occupational hierarchy, among low-paid services workers: sizeable growth in Britain and Spain, but stagnation in Germany and Switzerland. This results points towards the possibility that wage-setting institutions filter the pattern of occupational change.
dc.format 36 p.
dc.format 246308 bytes
dc.format application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries DemoSoc working papers; 32
dc.rights Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús de Creative Commons, amb la qual es permet copiar, distribuir i comunicar públicament l'obra sempre que se'n citin l'autor original, la universitat i el departament i no se'n faci cap ús comercial ni obra derivada, tal com queda estipulat en la llicència d'ús
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/es/
dc.subject.other Treball -- Condicions -- Europa Occidental
dc.subject.other Occupació -- Europa Occidental
dc.subject.other Treball -- Estabilització -- Europa Occidental
dc.title Upgrading or polarization? occupational change in Britain, Germany, Spain and Switzerland, 1990-2008
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
dc.date.modified 2012-07-10T07:27:34Z


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