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Augmentation of EMDR with multifocal transcranial current stimulation (MtCS) in the treatment of fibromyalgia: study protocol of a double-blind randomized controlled exploratory and pragmatic trial

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dc.contributor.author Gardoki-Souto, Itxaso
dc.contributor.author Martín de la Torre, O.
dc.contributor.author Hogg, Bridget
dc.contributor.author Redolar Ripoll, D.
dc.contributor.author Valiente Gómez, Alicia
dc.contributor.author Martínez Sadurní, L.
dc.contributor.author Blanch-Rubió, Josep
dc.contributor.author Lupo, Walter
dc.contributor.author Pérez, Victor
dc.contributor.author Radua, Joaquim
dc.contributor.author Amann, Benedikt Lorenz
dc.contributor.author Moreno Alcázar, Ana
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-13T06:34:36Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-13T06:34:36Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Gardoki-Souto I, Martín de la Torre O, Hogg B, Redolar-Ripoll D, Valiente-Gómez A, Martínez Sadurní L, Blanch JM, Lupo W, Pérez V, Radua J, Amann BL, Moreno-Alcázar A. Augmentation of EMDR with multifocal transcranial current stimulation (MtCS) in the treatment of fibromyalgia: study protocol of a double-blind randomized controlled exploratory and pragmatic trial. Trials. 2021;22(1):104. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-021-05042-w
dc.identifier.issn 1745-6215
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/48165
dc.description.abstract Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a generalized, widespread chronic pain disorder affecting 2.7% of the general population. In recent years, different studies have observed a strong association between FM and psychological trauma. Therefore, a trauma-focused psychotherapy, such as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), combined with a non-invasive brain stimulation technique, such as multifocal transcranial current stimulation (MtCS), could be an innovative adjunctive treatment option. This double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) analyzes if EMDR therapy is effective in the reduction of pain symptoms in FM patients and if its potential is boosted with the addition of MtCS. Methods: Forty-five patients with FM and a history of traumatic events will be randomly allocated to Waiting List, EMDR + active-MtCS, or EMDR + sham-MtCS. Therapists and patients will be kept blind to MtCS conditions, and raters will be kept blind to both EMDR and MtCS. All patients will be evaluated at baseline, post-treatment, and follow-up at 6 months after post-treatment. Evaluations will assess the following variables: sociodemographic data, pain, psychological trauma, sleep disturbance, anxiety and affective symptoms, and wellbeing. Discussion: This study will provide evidence of whether EMDR therapy is effective in reducing pain symptoms in FM patients, and whether the effect of EMDR can be enhanced by MtCS. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04084795 . Registered on 2 August 2019.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof Trials. 2021;22(1):104
dc.rights © The Author(s). 2021 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Augmentation of EMDR with multifocal transcranial current stimulation (MtCS) in the treatment of fibromyalgia: study protocol of a double-blind randomized controlled exploratory and pragmatic trial
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-021-05042-w
dc.subject.keyword Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
dc.subject.keyword Fibromyalgia
dc.subject.keyword Multifocal transcranial current stimulation
dc.subject.keyword Pain
dc.subject.keyword Psychological trauma
dc.subject.keyword Randomized controlled trial
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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