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Generalizing prosodic patterns by a non-vocal learning mammal

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dc.contributor.author Toro Soto, Juan Manuel, 1976-
dc.contributor.author Hoeschele, Marisa
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-09T09:19:25Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-09T09:19:25Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Toro JM, Hoeschele M. Generalizing prosodic patterns by a non-vocal learning mammal. Anim Cogn. 2017 Mar;20(2):179-85. DOI: 10.1007/s10071-016-1036-8
dc.identifier.issn 1435-9448
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/48138
dc.description.abstract Prosody, a salient aspect of speech that includes rhythm and intonation, has been shown to help infants acquire some aspects of syntax. Recent studies have shown that birds of two vocal learning species are able to categorize human speech stimuli based on prosody. In the current study, we found that the non-vocal learning rat could also discriminate human speech stimuli based on prosody. Not only that, but rats were able to generalize to novel stimuli they had not been trained with, which suggests that they had not simply memorized the properties of individual stimuli, but learned a prosodic rule. When tested with stimuli with either one or three out of the four prosodic cues removed, the rats did poorly, suggesting that all cues were necessary for the rats to solve the task. This result is in contrast to results with humans and budgerigars, both of which had previously been studied using the same paradigm. Humans and budgerigars both learned the task and generalized to novel items, but were also able to solve the task with some of the cues removed. In conclusion, rats appear to have some of the perceptual abilities necessary to generalize prosodic patterns, in a similar though not identical way to the vocal learning species that have been studied.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by the European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant agreement number 312519 to J.M.T., M.H. was funded by a Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship awarded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada during the initiation of this project and is currently funded by a Lise Meitner Postdoctoral Fellowship (M 1732-B19) from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof Animal Cognition. 2017 Mar;20(2):179-85
dc.rights This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Generalizing prosodic patterns by a non-vocal learning mammal
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10071-016-1036-8
dc.subject.keyword Prosody
dc.subject.keyword Rats
dc.subject.keyword Vocal learning
dc.subject.keyword Operant conditioning
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/312519
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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