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The Development of gaze following in monolingual and bilingual infants: A multi‐laboratory study

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dc.contributor.author Byers Heinlein, Krista
dc.contributor.author Ka-Ying Tsui, Rachel
dc.contributor.author Van Renswoude, Daan
dc.contributor.author Black, Alexis K
dc.contributor.author Barr, Rachel
dc.contributor.author Brown, Anna
dc.contributor.author Colomer, Marc
dc.contributor.author Durrant, Samantha
dc.contributor.author Gampe, Anja
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez Gomez, Nayeli
dc.contributor.author Hay, Jessica F
dc.contributor.author Hernik, Mikolaj
dc.contributor.author Jartó, Marianna
dc.contributor.author Melinda Kovács, Ágnes
dc.contributor.author Laoun Rubenstein, Alexandra
dc.contributor.author Lew Williams, Casey
dc.contributor.author Liszkowski, Ulf
dc.contributor.author Liu, Liquan
dc.contributor.author Noble, Claire
dc.contributor.author Potter, Christine E
dc.contributor.author Rocha Hidalgo, Joscelin
dc.contributor.author Sebastián Gallés, Núria
dc.contributor.author Soderstrom, Melanie
dc.contributor.author Visser, Ingmar
dc.contributor.author Waddell, Connor
dc.contributor.author Wermelinger, Stephanie
dc.contributor.author Singh, Leher
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-13T09:59:58Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Byers-Heinlein K, Ka-Ying Tsui R, van Renswoude D, Black AK, Barr R, Brown A, Colomer M, Durrant S, Gampe A, Gonzalez-Gomez N, Hay JF, Hernik M, Jartó M, Kovács AM, Laoun-Rubenstein A, Lew-Williams C, Liszkowski U, Liu L, Noble C, Potter CE, Rocha-Hidalgo J, Sebastian-Galles N, Soderstrom M, Visser I, Waddell C, Wermelinger S, Singh L. The Development of gaze following in monolingual and bilingual infants: A multi‐laboratory study. Infancy. 2021;26(1):4-38. DOI: 10.1111/infa.12360
dc.identifier.issn 1525-0008
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/47550
dc.description.abstract Determining the meanings of words requires language learners to attend to what other people say. However, it behooves a young language learner to simultaneously encode relevant non-verbal cues, for example, by following the direction of their eye gaze. Sensitivity to cues such as eye gaze might be particularly important for bilingual infants, as they encounter less consistency between words and objects than monolingual infants, and do not always have access to the same word-learning heuristics (e.g., mutual exclusivity). In a preregistered study, we tested the hypothesis that bilingual experience would lead to a more pronounced ability to follow another's gaze. We used a gaze-following paradigm developed by Senju and Csibra (Current Biology, 18, 2008, 668) to test a total of 93 6- to 9-month-old and 229 12- to 15-month-old monolingual and bilingual infants, in 11 laboratories located in 8 countries. Monolingual and bilingual infants showed similar gaze-following abilities, and both groups showed age-related improvements in speed, accuracy, frequency, and duration of fixations to congruent objects. Unexpectedly, bilinguals tended to make more frequent fixations to on-screen objects, whether or not they were cued by the actor. These results suggest that gaze sensitivity is a fundamental aspect of development that is robust to variation in language exposure.
dc.description.sponsorship Individual participatin laboratories acknowledge funding support from: the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (402470-2011; 2018-04390); the National Science Foundation (BCS-155719); the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC ES/L008955/1); the European Research Council Advanced Grant, UNDER CONTROL (323961); the European Research Council Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant (798658); the Leverhulme Trust (ECF-2015-009); the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R01HD083312); the European Research Council Synergy Grant (SOMICS 609819); the Early Career Research Grant & Start-up Grant, Western Sydney University; Research Manitoba University of Manitoba, Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba; and the ODPRT funds, National University of Singapore.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Infancy. 2021;26(1):4-38
dc.rights This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Byers-Heinlein K, Ka-Ying Tsui R, van Renswoude D, Black AK, Barr R, Brown A, Colomer M, Durrant S, Gampe A, Gonzalez-Gomez N, Hay JF, Hernik M, Jartó M, Kovács AM, Laoun-Rubenstein A, Lew-Williams C, Liszkowski U, Liu L, Noble C, Potter CE, Rocha-Hidalgo J, Sebastian-Galles N, Soderstrom M, Visser I, Waddell C, Wermelinger S, Singh L. The development of gaze following in monolingual and bilingual infants: A multi‐laboratory study. Infancy. 2021;26(1):4-38., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/infa.12360. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
dc.title The Development of gaze following in monolingual and bilingual infants: A multi‐laboratory study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/infa.12360
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/323961
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/798658
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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