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Mental health, family roles and employment status inside and outside the household in Spain

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dc.contributor.author Arias-de la Torre, Jorge
dc.contributor.author Molina, Antonio J.
dc.contributor.author Fernández-Villa, Tania
dc.contributor.author Artazcoz Lazcano, Lucía, 1963-
dc.contributor.author Martín, Vicente
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-26T06:59:13Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-26T06:59:13Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Arias-de la Torre J, Molina AJ, Fernández-Villa T, Artazcoz L, Martín V. Mental health, family roles and employment status inside and outside the household in Spain. Gac Sanit. 2019; 33(3):235-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.11.005
dc.identifier.issn 0213-9111
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/46943
dc.description.abstract Objective: To document the prevalence of poor mental health by gender and social class, and to analyze if poor mental health is associated with the family roles or the employment status inside and outside the household. Method: A cross-sectional study based on a representative sample of the Spanish population was carried out (n = 14,247). Mental health was evaluated using GHQ-12. Employment status, marital status, family roles (main breadwinner and the person who mainly carries out the household work) and educational level were considered as explanatory variables. Multiple logistic regression models stratified by gender and social class were fitted and adjusted odds ratios (aOR) were obtained. Results: Gender and social class differences in the prevalence of poor mental health were observed. Unemployment was associated with higher prevalence. Among men the main breadwinner role was related to poor mental health mainly in those that belong to manual classes (aOR = 1.2). Among women, mainly among nonmanual classes, these problems were associated to marital status: widowed, separated or divorced (aOR = 1.9) and to dealing with the household work by themselves (aOR = 1.9). Conclusions: In Spain, gender and social class differences in mental health still exist. In addition, family roles and working situation, both inside and outside the household, could constitute a source of inequalities in mental health.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Gac Sanit. 2019; 33(3):235-41
dc.rights © 2018 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.title Mental health, family roles and employment status inside and outside the household in Spain
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.11.005
dc.subject.keyword Encuestas de salud
dc.subject.keyword Factores socioeconómicos
dc.subject.keyword Gender
dc.subject.keyword Género
dc.subject.keyword Health survey
dc.subject.keyword Mental health
dc.subject.keyword Occupational health
dc.subject.keyword Salud laboral
dc.subject.keyword Salud mental
dc.subject.keyword Socioeconomic factors
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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