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Residential greenspace and lung function up to 24 years of age: The ALSPAC birth cohort

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dc.contributor.author Fuertes, Elaine
dc.contributor.author Markevych, Iana
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Richard
dc.contributor.author Boyd, Andy
dc.contributor.author Granell, Raquel
dc.contributor.author Mahmoud, Osama
dc.contributor.author Heinrich, Joachim
dc.contributor.author García Aymerich, Judith
dc.contributor.author Roda, Célina
dc.contributor.author Henderson, John
dc.contributor.author Jarvis, Deborah
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-16T07:47:30Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-16T07:47:30Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Fuertes E, Markevych I, Thomas R, Boyd A, Granell R, Mahmoud O, Heinrich J, Garcia-Aymerich J, Roda C, Henderson J, Jarvis D. Residential greenspace and lung function up to 24 years of age: The ALSPAC birth cohort. Environ Int. 2020; 140:105749. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2020.105749
dc.identifier.issn 0160-4120
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/46784
dc.description.abstract Background: Residing in greener areas is increasingly linked to beneficial health outcomes, but little is known about its effect on respiratory health. Objective: We examined associations between residential greenness and nearby green spaces with lung function up to 24 years in the UK Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort. Methods: Lung function was measured by spirometry at eight, 15 and 24 years of age. Greenness levels within circular buffers (100-1000 m) around the birth, eight-, 15- and 24-year home addresses were calculated using the satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and averaged (lifetime greenness). The presence and proportion of green spaces (urban green spaces, forests and agricultural land) within a 300 m buffer was determined. First, associations between repeated greenness and green space variables and repeated lung function parameters were assessed using generalized estimation equations (N = 7094, 47.9% male). Second, associations between lifetime average greenness and lifetime average proportion of green spaces with lung function at 24-years were assessed using linear regression models (N = 1763, 39.6% male). All models were adjusted for individual and environmental covariates. Results: Using repeated greenspace and lung function data at eight, 15 and 24 years, greenness in a 100 m buffer was associated with higher FEV1 and FVC (11.4 ml [2.6, 20.3] and 12.2 ml [1.8, 22.7], respectively, per interquartile range increase), as was the presence of urban green spaces in a 300 m buffer (20.3 ml [-0.1, 40.7] and 23.1 ml [-0.3, 46.5] for FEV1 and FVC, respectively). These associations were independent of air pollution, urbanicity and socio-economic status. Lifetime average greenness within a 100 m buffer and proportion of agricultural land within a 300 m buffer were associated with better lung function at 24 years but adjusting for asthma attenuated these associations. Discussion: This study provides suggestive evidence that children whose homes are in more vegetated places or are in close proximity of green spaces have better lung function up to 24 years of age.
dc.description.sponsorship The present analyses are part of the Ageing Lungs in European Cohorts (ALEC) study (www.alecstudy.org), which has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 633212. Célina Roda is the recipient of a European Respiratory Society Fellowship [RESPIRE3-201703-00127], under H2020 - Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions COFUND]. The funding sources were not involved in the study design, in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, the writing of the report and in the decision to submit the article for publication.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Environ Int. 2020; 140:105749
dc.rights © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/
dc.title Residential greenspace and lung function up to 24 years of age: The ALSPAC birth cohort
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105749
dc.subject.keyword ALSPAC
dc.subject.keyword Birth cohort
dc.subject.keyword Greenness
dc.subject.keyword Greenspace
dc.subject.keyword Lung function
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/633212
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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