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Poverty reduction and democratization – new cross-country evidence

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dc.contributor.author Wietzke, Frank Borge
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-23T12:40:33Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-23T12:40:33Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Wietzke FB. Poverty reduction and democratization – new cross-country evidence. Democratization. 2019 Feb;26(6):935-58. DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2019.1575369
dc.identifier.issn 1351-0347
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/46575
dc.description Inclou supplemental material
dc.description.abstract The rapid decrease in absolute poverty across the developing world has received much attention. However, there have been few systematic attempts to analyse the political consequences of these developments. This article builds on the improved availability of household income data from developing countries to document a small but statistically significant impact of lagged poverty rates on a range of democracy indicators. The results hold across a battery of sensitivity and robustness tests. I also show that poverty reduction has a stronger effect on democracy than alternative predictors that are more widely used in the democratic regime transition and consolidation literature, such as average income and relative inequality (the Gini index). However, I find weaker effects of poverty on indicators of government quality and a declining influence of poverty reduction on democracy over time. These results point to more structural obstacles to democratic consolidation in lower-income regions, such as a tendency by populist leaders to exploit the economic grievances of vulnerable lower-middle classes.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy Industry and Competitiveness (MINECO) through its Academic Excellence and Societal Challenges initiative [grant number CSO2017-87350-P].
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis
dc.relation.ispartof Democratization. 2019 Feb;26(6):935-58. DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2019.1575369
dc.relation.isreferencedby https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7730705.v1
dc.rights © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.title Poverty reduction and democratization – new cross-country evidence
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2019.1575369
dc.subject.keyword Poverty
dc.subject.keyword Inequality
dc.subject.keyword Middle class
dc.subject.keyword Development
dc.subject.keyword Political economy
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/CSO2017-87350-P
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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