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The role of role uncertainty in modified dictator games

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dc.contributor.author Iriberri, Nagore
dc.contributor.author Rey-Biel, Pedro
dc.contributor.other Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-26T12:08:01Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-26T12:08:01Z
dc.date.issued 2008-05-01
dc.identifier https://econ-papers.upf.edu/ca/paper.php?id=1147
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/4578
dc.description.abstract We compare behavior in modified dictator games with and without role uncertainty. Subjects choose between a selfish action, a costly surplus creating action (altruistic behavior) and a costly surplus destroying action (spiteful behavior). While costly surplus creating actions are the most frequent under role uncertainty (64%), selfish actions become the most frequent without role uncertainty (69%). Also, the frequency of surplus destroying choices is negligible with role uncertainty (1%) but not so without it (11%). A classification of subjects into four different types of interdependent preferences (Selfish, Social Welfare maximizing, Inequity Averse and Competitive) shows that the use of role uncertainty overestimates the prevalence of Social Welfare maximizing preferences in the subject population (from 74% with role uncertainty to 21% without it) and underestimates Selfish and Inequity Averse preferences. An additional treatment, in which subjects undertake an understanding test before participating in the experiment with role uncertainty, shows that the vast majority of subjects (93%) correctly understand the payoff mechanism with role uncertainty, but yet surplus creating actions were most frequent. Our results warn against the use of role uncertainty in experiments that aim to measure the prevalence of interdependent preferences.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries Economics and Business Working Papers Series; 1147
dc.rights L'accés als continguts d'aquest document queda condicionat a l'acceptació de les condicions d'ús establertes per la següent llicència Creative Commons
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.title The role of role uncertainty in modified dictator games
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
dc.date.modified 2017-07-23T02:12:27Z
dc.subject.keyword role uncertainty
dc.subject.keyword role reversal
dc.subject.keyword interdependent preferences
dc.subject.keyword social welfare
dc.subject.keyword maximizing
dc.subject.keyword inequity aversion
dc.subject.keyword mixture-of-types models
dc.subject.keyword strategy method
dc.subject.keyword experiments.
dc.subject.keyword leex
dc.subject.keyword Behavioral and Experimental Economics
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess


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