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Nature-based interventions for improving health and wellbeing: the purpose, the people and the outcomes

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dc.contributor.author Shanahan, Danielle F.
dc.contributor.author Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.
dc.contributor.author Gaston, Kevin J.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-22T06:39:40Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-22T06:39:40Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Shanahan DF, Astell-Burt T, Barber EA, Brymer E, Cox DTC, Dean J et al. Nature-based interventions for improving health and wellbeing: the purpose, the people and the outcomes. Sports (Basel). 2019; 7(6):141. DOI: 10.3390/sports7060141
dc.identifier.issn 2075-4663
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/45153
dc.description.abstract Engagement with nature is an important part of many people's lives, and the health and wellbeing benefits of nature-based activities are becoming increasingly recognised across disciplines from city planning to medicine. Despite this, urbanisation, challenges of modern life and environmental degradation are leading to a reduction in both the quantity and the quality of nature experiences. Nature-based health interventions (NBIs) can facilitate behavioural change through a somewhat structured promotion of nature-based experiences and, in doing so, promote improved physical, mental and social health and wellbeing. We conducted a Delphi expert elicitation process with 19 experts from seven countries (all named authors on this paper) to identify the different forms that such interventions take, the potential health outcomes and the target beneficiaries. In total, 27 NBIs were identified, aiming to prevent illness, promote wellbeing and treat specific physical, mental or social health and wellbeing conditions. These interventions were broadly categorized into those that change the environment in which people live, work, learn, recreate or heal (for example, the provision of gardens in hospitals or parks in cities) and those that change behaviour (for example, engaging people through organized programmes or other activities). We also noted the range of factors (such as socioeconomic variation) that will inevitably influence the extent to which these interventions succeed. We conclude with a call for research to identify the drivers influencing the effectiveness of NBIs in enhancing health and wellbeing.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof Sports (Basel). 2019; 7(6):141
dc.rights © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Nature-based interventions for improving health and wellbeing: the purpose, the people and the outcomes
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/sports7060141
dc.subject.keyword Nature-based health interventions
dc.subject.keyword Forest schools
dc.subject.keyword Green exercise
dc.subject.keyword Green prescriptions
dc.subject.keyword Wilderness therapy
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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