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Impact of cytomegalovirus infection on B cell differentiation and cytokine production in multiple sclerosis

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dc.contributor.author Zabalza, Ana
dc.contributor.author Vera, Andrea
dc.contributor.author Alari-Pahissa, Elisenda
dc.contributor.author Munteis Olivas, Elvira
dc.contributor.author Moreira Villanueva, Antía
dc.contributor.author Yélamos López, José
dc.contributor.author Llop, Mireia
dc.contributor.author López-Botet, M. (Miguel)
dc.contributor.author Martínez Rodríguez, Jose E.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-03T06:16:38Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-03T06:16:38Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Zabalza A, Vera A, Alari-Pahissa E, Munteis E, Moreira A, Yélamos J, Llop M, López-Botet M, Martínez-Rodríguez JE. Impact of cytomegalovirus infection on B cell differentiation and cytokine production in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroinflammation. 2020; 17(1):161. DOI: 10.1186/s12974-020-01840-2
dc.identifier.issn 1742-2094
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/44884
dc.description.abstract Background: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection has been recently associated with a low risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), yet the basis behind this observation remains uncertain. In this study, we aimed to determine in MS patients whether HCMV induces modifications in the peripheral B cell compartment. Methods: HCMV serostatus was determined in 73 MS patients (55 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS); 18 progressive MS (PMS)) and 30 healthy controls, assessing their B cell immunophenotype and cytokine production (GM-CSF, IL-6, IL-10, and TNFα) by flow cytometry. Results: HCMV seropositivity in untreated MS patients (n = 45) was associated with reduced switched memory B cells, contrasting with an opposite effect in PMS. Expansions of transitional B cells were observed in HCMV(+) IFNβ-treated RRMS patients but not in HCMV(-) cases (p < 0.01), suggesting that HCMV may influence the distribution of B cell subsets modulating the effects of IFNβ. Considering the B cell functional profile, HCMV(-) PMS displayed an increased secretion of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNFα) as compared to HCMV(+) PMS and RRMS cases (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our study reveals an influence of HCMV infection on the phenotype and function of B cells, promoting early differentiation stages in RRMS and reducing the proinflammatory cytokine profile in advanced MS forms, which might be related with the putative protective role of this virus in MS.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by grants FIS/PI17/00254, SAF 2016-80363-C2-1-R (Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and FEDER), the EU FP7-MINECO Infect-ERA Program (PCIN-2015-191-C02-01), and Red Española de Esclerosis Múltiple (REEM) from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III, the European Regional Development Fund (Grant RD16/0015/0011), and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof J Neuroinflammation. 2020; 17(1):161
dc.rights © The Author(s). 2020 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data ma
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Impact of cytomegalovirus infection on B cell differentiation and cytokine production in multiple sclerosis
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12974-020-01840-2
dc.subject.keyword B cells
dc.subject.keyword Human cytomegalovirus
dc.subject.keyword Interferon-beta
dc.subject.keyword Multiple sclerosis
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/SAF2016-80363-C2-1-R
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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