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Nutrimedia: a novel web-based resource for the general public that evaluates the veracity of nutrition claims using the GRADE approach

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dc.contributor.author Rabassa, Montserrat
dc.contributor.author Alonso-Coello, Pablo
dc.contributor.author Casino, Gonzalo
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-13T08:38:31Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-13T08:38:31Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Rabassa M, Alonso-Coello P, Casino G. Nutrimedia: a novel web-based resource for the general public that evaluates the veracity of nutrition claims using the GRADE approach. PLoS One. 2020 Apr 30;15(4):e0232393. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232393
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/44518
dc.description.abstract The objective of Nutrimedia is to evaluate, based on the scientific evidence, the veracity of nutrition claims disseminated to the public by the media. In this article, we describe the methodology, characteristics and contents of this web-based resource, as well as its web traffic and media impact since it was launched. Nutrimedia uses a systematic process to evaluate common beliefs, claims from newspapers and advertising identified and selected by its research team, as well as questions from the public. After formulating a structured question for each claim, we conduct a pragmatic search, prioritizing guidelines and/or systematic reviews. We evaluate the certainty of the evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, and classify the veracity of each claim into seven categories (true, probably true, possibly true, possibly false, probably false, false, and uncertain). For each evaluation, we develop a scientific report, a plain language summary, a summary of findings table, and, in some cases, a video. From November 2017 to May 2019, we published 30 evaluations (21 were related to foods, six to diets, and three to supplements), most of which were triggered by questions from the public (40%; 12/30). Overall, nearly half of the claims were classified as uncertain (47%; 14/30). Nutrimedia received 47,265 visitors, with a total of 181,360 pages viewed. The project and its results were reported in 84 written media and 386 websites from Spain and 14 other countries, mostly from Latin America. To our knowledge, Nutrimedia is the first web-based resource for the public that evaluates the certainty of evidence and the veracity of nutrition claims using the GRADE approach. The scientific rigor combined with the use of friendly presentation formats are distinctive features of this resource, developed to help the public to make informed choices about nutrition.
dc.description.sponsorship Nutrimedia has been partially supported by the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT) grants from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (FCT-16-11294 and FCT-17-12460). The funders had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One. 2020 Apr 30;15(4):e0232393
dc.rights © 2020 Rabassa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Nutrimedia: a novel web-based resource for the general public that evaluates the veracity of nutrition claims using the GRADE approach
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232393
dc.subject.keyword Nutrition
dc.subject.keyword Cardiovascular diseases
dc.subject.keyword Diet
dc.subject.keyword Health systems strengthening
dc.subject.keyword Eating habits
dc.subject.keyword Food consumption
dc.subject.keyword Vegetable oils
dc.subject.keyword Preventive medicine
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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