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Successfully non-surgical management of flail chest as first manifestation of multiple myeloma: a case report

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dc.contributor.author Muñoz-Bermúdez, Rosana
dc.contributor.author Abella Monreal, Eugenia
dc.contributor.author Zuccarino, Flavio
dc.contributor.author Masclans Enviz, Joan Ramon
dc.contributor.author Nolla-Salas, Juan
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-05T07:27:38Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-05T07:27:38Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Muñoz-Bermúdez R, Abella E, Zuccarino F, Masclans JR, Nolla-Salas J. Successfully non-surgical management of flail chest as first manifestation of multiple myeloma: a case report. World J Crit Care Med. 2019 Sep 11; 8(5):82-6. DOI: 10.5492/wjccm.v8.i5.82
dc.identifier.issn 2220-3141
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/44397
dc.description.abstract Background: Multiple myeloma is a malignant neoplasm of the bone marrow characterized by neoplastic proliferation of monoclonal plasma cells with a high relationship with destructive bone disease. We present a case of a patient diagnosed with multiple myeloma and sternal fracture in association with multiple bilateral rib fractures and thoracic kyphosis, who developed a severe acute respiratory failure, thus complicating the initial presentation of multiple myeloma. We discuss the therapeutic implications of this uncommon presentation. Case summary: A 56-year-old man presented to Hematological Department after he had been experiencing worsening back pain over the last five months, with easy fatigability and progressive weight loss. He had no history of previous trauma. The chemical blood tests were compatible with a diagnosis of multiple myeloma. A radiographic bone survey of all major bones revealed, in addition to multiple bilateral rib fractures, a sternal fracture and compression fracture at T9, T10, T11 and L1 vertebrae. Subcutaneous fat biopsy was positive for amyloid. We started treatment with bortezomib and dexamethasone. After 24 h of treatment, he presented dyspnea secondary to flail chest. He required urgent intubation and ventilatory support being transferred to intensive care unit for further management. The patient remained connected to mechanical ventilation (positive pressure) as treatment which stabilized the thorax. A second cycle of bortezomib plus dexamethasone was started and analgesia was optimized. The condition of the patient improved, as evidenced by callus formation on successive computed tomography scans. The patient was taken off the ventilator one month later, and he was extubated successfully, being able to breathe unaided without paradoxical motion. Conclusion: This case highlights the importance of combination between bortezomib and dexamethasone to induce remission of multiple myeloma and the initiation of positive airway pressure with mechanical ventilation to stabilize chest wall to solve the respiratory failure. This combined approach allowed to obtain a quick and complete resolution of the clinical situation.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Baishideng Publishing Group
dc.rights Copyright ©The Author(s) 2019. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved. This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
dc.title Successfully non-surgical management of flail chest as first manifestation of multiple myeloma: a case report
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5492/wjccm.v8.i5.82
dc.subject.keyword Bortezomib
dc.subject.keyword Case report
dc.subject.keyword Flail chest
dc.subject.keyword Mechanical ventilation
dc.subject.keyword Multiple myeloma
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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