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Does empirical data from bilingual and native Spanish corpora meet linguistic theory? The role of discourse context in variation of subject expression

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dc.contributor.author García Alcaraz, Estela
dc.contributor.author Bel, Aurora
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-30T09:23:46Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation García Alcaraz E, Bel A. Does empirical data from bilingual and native Spanish corpora meet linguistic theory? The role of discourse context in variation of subject expression. Applied Linguistics Review. 2019;10(4):491-515. DOI: 10.1515/applirev-2017-0101
dc.identifier.issn 1868-6303
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/44381
dc.description.abstract The goal of this study is to shed light on how empirical data on the discourse constraints of null and overt third person subject pronouns in L1 and bilingual Spanish meet linguistic theory. A (semi)spontaneous production task was administered to 34 Moroccan Arabic (MA)/Spanish early sequential bilinguals and 30 L1 Spanish controls. All 3rd person subject positions were coded: (1) morphosyntactic form (null pronoun vs. overt pronoun); (2) discourse function ([-Topic Shift] vs. [+Topic Shift]); (3) sentence relation (intrasentential vs. intersentential); (4) clause order within intrasentential contexts (main-subordinate vs. subordinate-main); and (5) access to the antecedent (clear vs. ambiguous antecedent). The results reveal general patterns of use in both L1 and bilingual Spanish: null pronouns express topic maintenance both in inter- and intrasentential contexts (both clause orders) and overt pronouns, especially in intersentential contexts, are generally used for topic change. However, additional analyses provide evidence that null pronouns in L1, but not in bilingual Spanish, are often used in change of reference contexts where the antecedent is not ambiguous. This reveals patterns that have gone unreported by most previous descriptive and theoretical studies. Finally, a higher use of ambiguous null pronouns is attested among bilingual speakers, which suggests a lower control of the mechanisms by which reference is established in discourse and supports, to some extent, the predictions derived from the Interface Hypothesis.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Education through the FPU program (Estela García-Alcaraz) and two research projects VARIAD FFI2012-35058 and CONTACT FFI2016-75082-P (Principal Investigator: Aurora Bel).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher De Gruyter
dc.relation.ispartof Applied Linguistics Review. 2019;10(4):491-515
dc.rights © De Gruyter Published version available at https://www.degruyter.com/view/journals/alr/alr-overview.xml http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/applirev-2017-0101
dc.title Does empirical data from bilingual and native Spanish corpora meet linguistic theory? The role of discourse context in variation of subject expression
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/applirev-2017-0101
dc.subject.keyword Subject pronouns
dc.subject.keyword Anaphora resolution
dc.subject.keyword Production data
dc.subject.keyword Early sequential bilingual acquisition
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/FFI2012-35058
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/FFI2016-75082-P
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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