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Fungal evolution: diversity, taxonomy and phylogeny of the Fungi

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dc.contributor.author Naranjo Ortiz, Miguel Ángel, 1989-
dc.contributor.author Gabaldón Estevan, Juan Antonio, 1973-
dc.date.accessioned 2020-03-17T07:29:11Z
dc.date.available 2020-03-17T07:29:11Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Naranjo-Ortiz MA, Gabaldón T. Fungal evolution: diversity, taxonomy and phylogeny of the Fungi. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2019; 94(6):2101-37. DOI: 10.1111/brv.12550
dc.identifier.issn 1464-7931
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/43905
dc.description.abstract The fungal kingdom comprises a hyperdiverse clade of heterotrophic eukaryotes characterized by the presence of a chitinous cell wall, the loss of phagotrophic capabilities and cell organizations that range from completely unicellular monopolar organisms to highly complex syncitial filaments that may form macroscopic structures. Fungi emerged as a 'Third Kingdom', embracing organisms that were outside the classical dichotomy of animals versus vegetals. The taxonomy of this group has a turbulent history that is only now starting to be settled with the advent of genomics and phylogenomics. We here review the current status of the phylogeny and taxonomy of fungi, providing an overview of the main defined groups. Based on current knowledge, nine phylum-level clades can be defined: Opisthosporidia, Chytridiomycota, Neocallimastigomycota, Blastocladiomycota, Zoopagomycota, Mucoromycota, Glomeromycota, Basidiomycota and Ascomycota. For each group, we discuss their main traits and their diversity, focusing on the evolutionary relationships among the main fungal clades. We also explore the diversity and phylogeny of several groups of uncertain affinities and the main phylogenetic and taxonomical controversies and hypotheses in the field.
dc.description.sponsorship T.G. acknowledges support from: the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry, and Competitiveness (MEIC) for the EMBL partnership, and grants ‘Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa 2013‐2017’ SEV‐2012‐0208, and BFU2015‐67107 cofunded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF); the CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya; the Catalan Research Agency (AGAUR) SGR857; the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement ERC‐2016‐724173; and the Marie Sklodowska‐Curie grant agreement No H2020‐MSCA‐ITN‐2014‐642095. The authors wish to thank David Hibbett for his suggestions. Finally, special thanks for the work of Alexandra Elbakyan and all her collaborators. Without their labour this review would have been impossible.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2019; 94(6):2101-37
dc.rights © 2019 The Authors. Biological Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Cambridge Philosophical Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.title Fungal evolution: diversity, taxonomy and phylogeny of the Fungi
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12550
dc.subject.keyword Fungi
dc.subject.keyword Diversity
dc.subject.keyword Phylogenomics
dc.subject.keyword Phylogeny
dc.subject.keyword Taxonomy
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/BFU2015‐67107
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/724173
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/642095
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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