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Low childhood nature exposure is associated with worse mental health in adulthood

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dc.contributor.author Preuß, Myriam
dc.contributor.author Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.
dc.contributor.author Márquez, Sandra
dc.contributor.author Cirach, Marta
dc.contributor.author Dadvand, Payam
dc.contributor.author Triguero Mas, Margarita, 1985-
dc.contributor.author Gidlow, Christopher J.
dc.contributor.author Gražulevičienė, Regina
dc.contributor.author Kruize, Hanneke
dc.contributor.author Zijlema, Wilma
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-07T08:58:37Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-07T08:58:37Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Preuß M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Marquez S, Cirach M, Dadvand P, Triguero-Mas M et al. Low childhood nature exposure is associated with worse mental health in adulthood. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(10):1809. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16101809
dc.identifier.issn 1661-7827
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/43521
dc.description.abstract Exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) is associated with health benefits; however, evidence on the impact of NOE exposure during childhood on mental health (MH) and vitality in adulthood is scarce. This study was based on questionnaire data collected from 3585 participants, aged 18-75, in the PHENOTYPE project (2013) in four European cities. Mixed models were used to investigate associations between childhood NOE exposure and (i) MH; (ii) vitality (perceived level of energy and fatigue); and (iii) potential mediation by perceived amount, use, satisfaction, importance of NOE, and residential surrounding greenness, using pooled and city-level data. Adults with low levels of childhood NOE exposure had, when compared to adults with high levels of childhood NOE exposure, significantly worse mental health (coef. -4.13; 95% CI -5.52, -2.74). Childhood NOE exposure was not associated with vitality. Low levels of childhood NOE exposure were associated with lower importance of NOE (OR 0.81; 95% CI 0.66, 0.98) in adulthood. The association with perceived amount of NOE differed between cities. We found no evidence for mediation. Childhood NOE exposure might be associated with mental well-being in adulthood. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings and to identify mechanisms underlying long-term benefits of childhood NOE exposure.
dc.description.sponsorship The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no 282996. W.L. Zijlema is supported by a Sara Borrell grant from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (CD17/00195). Payam Dadvand is funded by a Ramón y Cajal fellowship (RYC-2012-10995) awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019;16(10):1809
dc.rights © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Low childhood nature exposure is associated with worse mental health in adulthood
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101809
dc.subject.keyword Childhood nature exposure
dc.subject.keyword Green space
dc.subject.keyword Greenness
dc.subject.keyword Mental health
dc.subject.keyword Natural outdoor environments
dc.subject.keyword Nature perception
dc.subject.keyword Vitality
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/282996
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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