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Ambient air pollution and overweight and obesity in school-aged children in Barcelona, Spain

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dc.contributor.author De Bont, Jeroen, 1989-
dc.contributor.author Casas Sanahuja, Maribel
dc.contributor.author Barrera Gómez, Jose
dc.contributor.author Cirach, Marta
dc.contributor.author Rivas, Ioar
dc.contributor.author Valvi, Damaskini, 1983-
dc.contributor.author Álvarez Pedrerol, Mar
dc.contributor.author Dadvand, Payam
dc.contributor.author Sunyer Deu, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Vrijheid, Martine
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-21T09:32:49Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-21T09:32:49Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation de Bont J, Casas M, Barrera-Gómez J, Cirach M, Rivas I, Valvi D et al. Ambient air pollution and overweight and obesity in school-aged children in Barcelona, Spain. Environ Int. 2019;125:58-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.01.048
dc.identifier.issn 0160-4120
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/43317
dc.description.abstract Background: Ambient air pollution may increase the risk of overweight and obesity in children. However, available evidence is still scarce and has mainly focused on ambient air pollution exposure occurring at home without considering the school environment. The aim of this study is to assess whether exposure to ambient air pollution at home and school is associated with overweight and obesity in primary school children. Methods: We studied 2660 children aged 7-10 years during 2012 in Barcelona. Child weight and height were measured and age- and sex-specific z-scores for body mass index (zBMI) were calculated using the WHO growth reference 2007. Overweight and obesity were defined using the same reference. Land use regression models were used to estimate levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter <2.5 μm (PM2.5), <10 μm (PM10) and coarse (PMcoarse) at home. Outdoor levels of NO2, PM2.5, elemental carbon (EC), and ultrafine particles (UFP) were measured in the schoolyard. Multilevel mixed linear and ordered logistic models were used to assess the association between ambient air pollution (continuous per interquartile range (IQR) increase and categorical with tertile cutoffs) and zBMI (continuous and ordinal: normal, overweight, obese), after adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics. Results: An IQR increase in PM10-home (5.6 μg/m3) was associated with a 10% increase in the odds of being overweight or obese (odds ratio (OR) = 1.10; 95% CI = 1.00, 1.22). Children exposed to the highest tertile of UFP-school (>27,346 particles/cm3) had a 30% higher odds of being overweight or obese (OR = 1.30; 95%CI = 1.03, 1.64) compared to the lowest tertile of UFP exposure. We also observed that exposure to NO2, PM2.5 or EC at schools was associated with higher odds of overweight or obese at medium compared to low levels of exposure. Home and school exposures did not show any significant associations with zBMI (except PM2.5-school comparing tertile 2 vs tertile 1) but were similar in direction. Conclusions: This study suggests that exposure to ambient air pollution, especially at school, is associated with childhood risk for overweight and obesity. A cautious interpretation is warranted because associations were not always linear and because school and home air pollution measurements were not directly comparable.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the ERC grant agreement number: 26847. Measurements of air pollution have been collected as a part of the ESCAPE project funded by the European Community's Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007–2011; grant agreement number: 211250). Jeroen de Bont is funded by La Marató de TV3 Foundation (Grant Number: 201621-30). Payam Dadvand is funded by a Ramón y Cajal fellowship (RYC-2012-10995) awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Finance. Maribel Casas received funding from Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness) (MS16/00128).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Environment International. 2019;125:58-64
dc.rights © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/
dc.title Ambient air pollution and overweight and obesity in school-aged children in Barcelona, Spain
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.01.048
dc.subject.keyword Ambient air pollution
dc.subject.keyword Childhood obesity
dc.subject.keyword School
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/211250
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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