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Development and validation of the EspaiJove.net Mental Health Literacy (EMHL) test for spanish adolescents

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dc.contributor.author Castellvi Obiols, Pere
dc.contributor.author Casañas, Rocío
dc.contributor.author Arfuch, Victoria-Mailen
dc.contributor.author Gil Moreno, Juan José
dc.contributor.author Torres Torres, María
dc.contributor.author García Forero, Carlos
dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Castañeda, Dyanne
dc.contributor.author Alonso Caballero, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Lalucat-Jo, Lluís
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-09T08:57:44Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-09T08:57:44Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Castellvi P, Casañas R, Arfuch VM, Gil Moreno JJ, Torres Torres M, García-Forero C, Ruiz-Castañeda D, Alonso J, Lalucat-Jo L. Development and validation of the EspaiJove.net Mental Health Literacy (EMHL) test for spanish adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(1). pii: E72. DOI 10.3390/ijerph17010072
dc.identifier.issn 1661-7827
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/43244
dc.description.abstract There is evidence of the effectiveness of implementing mental health literacy (MHL) programs. However, there are substantial limitations in the instruments available for measuring MHL. This study aimed to develop and validate the EspaiJove.net MHL test (EMHL) for Spanish adolescents by assessing its psychometric properties. The development of the EMHL test was conducted using item pool generation and a pilot study. A convenience sample of students aged 13-15 years (n = 355) participated in the validity study. Reliability was assessed for internal consistency and via test-retest. Convergent validity was evaluated by comparing the effect sizes among known groups with different levels of mental health knowledge, the correlation with mental health-related instruments, and the item discrimination index. A final version of a 35-item EMHL test was obtained with two parts: (i) a binary choice format (yes/no) for the identification of mental disorders; (ii) a multiple choice question with four possible answer options. Internal consistency was acceptable in the first part (Cronbach's alpha = 0.744; Guttman's lambda 2 = 0.773) and almost acceptable in the second part (Cronbach's alpha = 0.615; Guttman's lambda 2 = 0.643). The test-retest evaluation supported the stability of the test (first part, ICC = 0.578; second part, ICC = 0.422). No ceiling and floor effects were found. The EMHL test scores discriminated between known groups with different levels of mental health knowledge and it is associated with several-related constructs of MHL. Conclusions: The EMHL test is a relevant measure for assessing MHL in adolescents into Spanish context with acceptable validity and stability.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(1). pii: E72
dc.rights © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Development and validation of the EspaiJove.net Mental Health Literacy (EMHL) test for spanish adolescents
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010072
dc.subject.keyword Adolescence
dc.subject.keyword Measurement
dc.subject.keyword Mental health literacy
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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