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Eicosanoid biosynthesis influences the virulence of Candida parapsilosis

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dc.contributor.author Chakraborty, Tanmoy
dc.contributor.author Thuer, Ernst, 1986-
dc.contributor.author Heijink, Marieke
dc.contributor.author Tóth, Renáta
dc.contributor.author Bodai, László
dc.contributor.author Vágvölgyi, Csaba
dc.contributor.author Giera, Martin
dc.contributor.author Gabaldón Estevan, Juan Antonio, 1973-
dc.contributor.author Gácser, Attila
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-10T08:42:28Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-10T08:42:28Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Chakraborty T, Thuer E, Heijink M, Tóth R, Bodai L, Vágvölgyi C, Giera M, Gabaldón T, Gácser A. Eicosanoid biosynthesis influences the virulence of Candida parapsilosis. Virulence. 2018; 9(1):1019-1035. DOI 10.1080/21505594.2018.1475797
dc.identifier.issn 2150-5594
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/43129
dc.description.abstract Lipid mediators, derived from arachidonic acid metabolism, play an important role in immune regulation. The functions of bioactive eicosanoids range from modulating cytokine signaling and inflammasome formation to anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving activities. Human pathogenic fungi such as Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Cryptococcus neoformans and Aspergillus fumigatus have been shown to produce such lipid mediators, associated with their virulence. To date, investigations into the molecular mechanisms of fungal eicosanoid biosynthesis in different species have revealed that several genes are associated with prostaglandin production. However, these routes remain uncharacterized in C. parapsilosis with early results suggesting it uses pathways distinct from those found in C. albicans. Therefore, we aimed to identify and characterize C. parapsilosis genes involved in eicosanoid biosynthesis. Following arachidonic acid treatment of C. parapsilosis cells, we identified several genes interfering with prostaglandin production. Out of the identified genes, homologues of a multi copper oxidase (FET3), an Acyl-CoA thiolase (POT1) and an Acyl-CoA oxidase (POX1-3) were found to play a significant role in prostaglandin synthesis. Furthermore, all three genes were confirmed to enhance C. parapsilosis pathogenicity, as the corresponding deletion mutants were cleared more efficiently by human macrophages and induced higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In addition, the mutants were less virulent than the wild-type strain in a mouse model of systemic infection. Taken together, we identified three genes that regulate eicosanoid biosynthesis in C. parapsilosis and impact the fungus' virulence.
dc.description.sponsorship TC was supported the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreements FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN-606786 ‘ImResFun’ and from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No H2020-MSCAITN-2014-642095. AG was funded by NKFIH NN 113153, by GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00035, by GINOP-2.3.3-15-2016-00006 and by OTKA-NKFIH K123952. RT was supported by TÁMOP 4.2.4. A/2-11-1-2012-0001 National Excellence Program - Elaborating and operating an inland student and researcher personal support system convergence program. MH and MG lab was supported by the Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands. ET was supported the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreements FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN-606786 ‘ImResFun’ and from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No H2020-MSCAITN-2014-642095. TG group acknowledges support of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness grants, ‘Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa 2013-2017ʹ SEV-2012-0208, and BFU2015-67107 cofounded by European Regional Development Fund (ERDF); from the CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya; from the European Union and ERC Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN-606786, and a grant from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No H2020-MSCA-ITN-2014-642095.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis
dc.relation.ispartof Virulence. 2018; 9(1):1019-1035
dc.rights © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricteduse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Eicosanoid biosynthesis influences the virulence of Candida parapsilosis
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21505594.2018.1475797
dc.subject.keyword Candida parapsilosis
dc.subject.keyword Fungal eicosanoids
dc.subject.keyword Host-pathogen interaction
dc.subject.keyword Immunomodulation
dc.subject.keyword Virulence
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/606786
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/642095
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/BFU2015-67107
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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