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Citizen science charts two major "stomatotypes" in the oral microbiome of adolescents and reveals links with habits and drinking water composition

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dc.contributor.author Willis, Jesse R.
dc.contributor.author González-Torres, Pedro
dc.contributor.author Pittis, Alexandros, 1982-
dc.contributor.author Bejarano, Luis A.
dc.contributor.author Cozzuto, Luca
dc.contributor.author Andreu Somavilla, Núria
dc.contributor.author Alloza-Trabado, Miriam
dc.contributor.author Valentín, Antònia
dc.contributor.author Ksiezopolska, Ewa
dc.contributor.author Company, Carlos
dc.contributor.author Onywera, Harris
dc.contributor.author Montfort, Magda
dc.contributor.author Hermoso Pulido, Antonio
dc.contributor.author Iraola Guzman, Susana
dc.contributor.author Saus Martínez, Ester
dc.contributor.author Labeeuw, Annick
dc.contributor.author Carolis, Carlo
dc.contributor.author Hecht, Jochen
dc.contributor.author Ponomarenko, Julia
dc.contributor.author Gabaldón Estevan, Juan Antonio, 1973-
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-22T08:54:14Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-22T08:54:14Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Willis JR, González-Torres P, Pittis AA, Bejarano LA, Cozzuto L, Andreu-Somavilla N et al. Citizen science charts two major "stomatotypes" in the oral microbiome of adolescents and reveals links with habits and drinking water composition. Microbiome. 2018;6(1):218. DOI: 10.1186/s40168-018-0592-3
dc.identifier.issn 2049-2618
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/42932
dc.description.abstract Background: The oral cavity comprises a rich and diverse microbiome, which plays important roles in health and disease. Previous studies have mostly focused on adult populations or in very young children, whereas the adolescent oral microbiome remains poorly studied. Here, we used a citizen science approach and 16S profiling to assess the oral microbiome of 1500 adolescents around Spain and its relationships with lifestyle, diet, hygiene, and socioeconomic and environmental parameters. Results: Our results provide a detailed snapshot of the adolescent oral microbiome and how it varies with lifestyle and other factors. In addition to hygiene and dietary habits, we found that the composition of tap water was related to important changes in the abundance of several bacterial genera. This points to an important role of drinking water in shaping the oral microbiota, which has been so far poorly explored. Overall, the microbiome samples of our study can be clustered into two broad compositional patterns (stomatotypes), driven mostly by Neisseria and Prevotella, respectively. These patterns show striking similarities with those found in unrelated populations. Conclusions: We hypothesize that these stomatotypes represent two possible global optimal equilibria in the oral microbiome that reflect underlying constraints of the human oral niche. As such, they should be found across a variety of geographical regions, lifestyles, and ages.
dc.description.sponsorship The project was financed by CRG through Genomics and Bioinformatics Core Facilities funds, and byEduCaixa programme through funds from the Fundación Bancaria “La Caixa,” with the participation of the Center for Research into Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), and the “Center d’Excellència Severo Ochoa 2013-2017” programme (SEV-2012-02-08) of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Eppendorf, Illumina, and ThermoFisher sponsored the research by donating some materials and reagents. David Harris Onywera was supported by a grant from the CRG-Novartis-Africa Mobility Program. TG group acknowledges support of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness grant BFU2015-67107 cofounded by European Regional Development Fund (ERDF); of the CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya; from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement no. H2020-MSCA-ITN-2014-642095.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof Microbiome. 2018;6(1):218
dc.rights © The Author(s). 2018 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Citizen science charts two major "stomatotypes" in the oral microbiome of adolescents and reveals links with habits and drinking water composition
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40168-018-0592-3
dc.subject.keyword Metagenomics
dc.subject.keyword Oral microbiome
dc.subject.keyword Stomatotypes
dc.subject.keyword Tap water composition
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/BFU2015-67107
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/642095
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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