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Evolutionary emergence of drug resistance in Candida opportunistic pathogens

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dc.contributor.author Ksiezopolska, Ewa
dc.contributor.author Gabaldón Estevan, Juan Antonio, 1973-
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-19T07:55:48Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-19T07:55:48Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Ksiezopolska E, Gabaldón T. Evolutionary emergence of drug resistance in Candida opportunistic pathogens. Genes (Basel). 2018;9(9):461. DOI: 10.3390/genes9090461
dc.identifier.issn 2073-4425
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/42887
dc.description.abstract Fungal infections, such as candidiasis caused by Candida, pose a problem of growing medical concern. In developed countries, the incidence of Candida infections is increasing due to the higher survival of susceptible populations, such as immunocompromised patients or the elderly. Existing treatment options are limited to few antifungal drug families with efficacies that vary depending on the infecting species. In this context, the emergence and spread of resistant Candida isolates are being increasingly reported. Understanding how resistance can evolve within naturally susceptible species is key to developing novel, more effective treatment strategies. However, in contrast to the situation of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, few studies have focused on the evolutionary mechanisms leading to drug resistance in fungal species. In this review, we will survey and discuss current knowledge on the genetic bases of resistance to antifungal drugs in Candida opportunistic pathogens. We will do so from an evolutionary genomics perspective, focusing on the possible evolutionary paths that may lead to the emergence and selection of the resistant phenotype. Finally, we will discuss the potential of future studies enabled by current developments in sequencing technologies, in vitro evolution approaches, and the analysis of serial clinical isolates.
dc.description.sponsorship TG group acknowledges support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry, and Competitiveness (MEIC) for the EMBL partnership, and grants ‘Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa 2013–2017’ SEV-2012-0208, and BFU2015-67107 cofounded by European Regional Development Fund (ERDF); from the CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya; from the Catalan Research Agency (AGAUR) SGR857, and grant from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the grant agreement ERC-2016-724173 the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No H2020-MSCA-ITN-2014-642095.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof Genes (Basel). 2018;9(9):461
dc.rights © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Evolutionary emergence of drug resistance in Candida opportunistic pathogens
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes9090461
dc.subject.keyword Candida
dc.subject.keyword Antifungal drugs
dc.subject.keyword Drug resistance
dc.subject.keyword Evolution
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/BFU2015-67107
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/724173
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/642095
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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