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Fungal evolution: major ecological adaptations and evolutionary transitions

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dc.contributor.author Naranjo Ortiz, Miguel Ángel, 1989-
dc.contributor.author Gabaldón Estevan, Juan Antonio, 1973-
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-29T10:59:57Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-29T10:59:57Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Naranjo-Ortiz MA, Gabaldón T. Fungal evolution: major ecological adaptations and evolutionary transitions. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2019;94(4):1443-76. DOI: 10.1111/brv.12510
dc.identifier.issn 1464-7931
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/42544
dc.description.abstract Fungi are a highly diverse group of heterotrophic eukaryotes characterized by the absence of phagotrophy and the presence of a chitinous cell wall. While unicellular fungi are far from rare, part of the evolutionary success of the group resides in their ability to grow indefinitely as a cylindrical multinucleated cell (hypha). Armed with these morphological traits and with an extremely high metabolical diversity, fungi have conquered numerous ecological niches and have shaped a whole world of interactions with other living organisms. Herein we survey the main evolutionary and ecological processes that have guided fungal diversity. We will first review the ecology and evolution of the zoosporic lineages and the process of terrestrialization, as one of the major evolutionary transitions in this kingdom. Several plausible scenarios have been proposed for fungal terrestralization and we here propose a new scenario, which considers icy environments as a transitory niche between water and emerged land. We then focus on exploring the main ecological relationships of Fungi with other organisms (other fungi, protozoans, animals and plants), as well as the origin of adaptations to certain specialized ecological niches within the group (lichens, black fungi and yeasts). Throughout this review we use an evolutionary and comparative-genomics perspective to understand fungal ecological diversity. Finally, we highlight the importance of genome-enabled inferences to envision plausible narratives and scenarios for important transitions.
dc.description.sponsorship T.G.'s group acknowledges support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry, and Competitiveness (MEIC) for the EMBL partnership, and grants ‘Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa ’ SEV‐2012‐0208, and BFU2015‐67107 cofunded by European Regional Development Fund (ERDF); from the CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya; from the Catalan Research Agency (AGAUR) SGR857; from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement ERC‐2016‐724173; and from the Marie Sklodowska‐Curie grant agreement No H2020‐MSCA‐ITN‐2014‐642095. Finally, special thanks to Alexandra Elbakyan and all her collaborators. Without their heroic labour this review would have been impossible.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 2019;94(4):1443-76
dc.rights © 2019 The Authors. Biological Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Cambridge Philosophical Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.title Fungal evolution: major ecological adaptations and evolutionary transitions
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12510
dc.subject.keyword Ecological adaptations
dc.subject.keyword Evolutionary transitions
dc.subject.keyword Fungal diversification
dc.subject.keyword Fungal niches
dc.subject.keyword Fungal terrestrialization
dc.subject.keyword Fungi
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/BFU2015‐67107
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/724173
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/642095
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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