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Sugar-containing beverages consumption and obesity in children aged 4-5 years in Spain: the INMA study

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dc.contributor.author Gonzalez-Palacios, Sandra
dc.contributor.author Navarrete-Muñoz, Eva-María
dc.contributor.author García-de-la-Hera, Manoli
dc.contributor.author Torres-Collado, Laura
dc.contributor.author Santa Marina, Loreto
dc.contributor.author Amiano, Pilar
dc.contributor.author Lopez-Espinosa, Maria-José
dc.contributor.author Tardón, Adonina
dc.contributor.author Riano-Galan, Isolina
dc.contributor.author Vrijheid, Martine
dc.contributor.author Sunyer Deu, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Vioque, Jesus
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-10T14:10:10Z
dc.date.available 2019-09-10T14:10:10Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Gonzalez-Palacios S, Navarrete-Muñoz EM, García-de-la-Hera M, Torres-Collado L, Santa-Marina L, Amiano P et al. Sugar-containing beverages consumption and obesity in children aged 4-5 years in Spain: the INMA study. Nutrients. 2019;11(8):1772. DOI: 10.3390/nu11081772
dc.identifier.issn 2072-6643
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/42261
dc.description.abstract The consumption of sugar-containing beverages (SCB) has been associated with obesity although the evidence in preschool children is scarce. Cross-sectional analyses were performed to assess the association between obesity and SCB consumption (packaged juices and sugar-sweetened soft drinks) in 1823 children at the age of 4-5 years from the INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project. One drink was defined as a glass of 175 mL, and the consumption of SCB was categorized in <1, 1-7 drinks/week and > 1 drink/day. We used multiple logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR). The average SCB consumption was 79.1 mL/day, mainly from packaged juices (80.9%). The SCB consumption was lower in non-obese children than in children with obesity, 76.6 vs 118.4 mL/day (p = 0.02). After adjusting for covariates, children who consumed >1 drink/day showed elevated odds of obesity, OR = 3.23 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.48-6.98) compared to children who consumed <1 SCB drink a week. Each additional SCB drink per day was associated with higher odds of obesity, OR = 1.55 (1.14-2.09). Higher consumption of packaged juices, but not sugar-sweetened soft drinks, was significantly associated with higher odds of obesity, OR = 1.55 (1.09-2.15) and OR = 1.59 (0.76-3.39), respectively. A higher SCB consumption is associated with obesity in preschool children, mainly due to the consumption of packaged juices.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof Nutrients. 2019;11(8):1772
dc.rights © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Sugar-containing beverages consumption and obesity in children aged 4-5 years in Spain: the INMA study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11081772
dc.subject.keyword Sugar-containing beverages
dc.subject.keyword Obesity
dc.subject.keyword Packaged juices
dc.subject.keyword Soft drinks
dc.subject.keyword Preschool child
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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