Welcome to the UPF Digital Repository

Prevalence of major depressive disorder and association with personal and socio-economic factors. Results for Spain of the European Health Interview Survey 2014-2015

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Arias-de la Torre, Jorge
dc.contributor.author Vilagut Saiz, Gemma, 1975-
dc.contributor.author Martín, Vicente
dc.contributor.author Molina, Antonio J.
dc.contributor.author Alonso Caballero, Jordi
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-09T07:13:12Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Arias-de la Torre J, Vilagut G, Martín V, Molina AJ, Alonso J. Prevalence of major depressive disorder and association with personal and socio-economic factors. Results for Spain of the European Health Interview Survey 2014-2015. J Affect Disord. 2018; 239:203-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2018.06.051
dc.identifier.issn 0165-0327
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/37197
dc.description.abstract Background: Depression is a prevalent and most burdensome mental disorder. The objectives of this study are: to assess the prevalence of major depressive disorder in the adult population of Spain; and to analyse its association with personal and socio-economic factors. Methods: Data from the European Health Interview Survey in Spain (2014–2015) were analysed (n = 21,546). DSM-IV Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) was assessed with the PHQ-8. Personal (age, marital status, and country of birth) and socio-economic (educational level, residence area, employment status and occupational social class) factors were also measured. Prevalence by gender and by personal and socio-economic factors was estimated. Crude (OR) and adjusted (aOR) Odds Ratio and their 95% Confidence Intervals (95%CI) were calculated using logistic regression models. All analyses were stratified by gender. Results: Prevalence of MDD was 8.0% (95%CI: 7.3–8.6) among women and 4.1% (95%CI: 3.7–4.6) among men. For both genders, MDD was more prevalent among unemployed and among those in more disadvantaged social classes. Among women only, MDD was more prevalent for those widowed or separated, those with lower educational level, those retired, pre-retired or homemakers and in older ages. Among men only, MDD was more prevalent among those that were born in Spain. Limitations: Data are cross-sectional and the sensitivity and specificity of PHQ-8 are not perfect. Conclusions: Prevalence of MDD in Spain is high, especially among women, and is strongly associated with personal variables and socio-economic disadvantage. Intersectoral interventions aimed at diminishing the impact of socio-economic disadvantage may help decreasing the societal burden of depression.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018; 239:203-7
dc.rights © Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.06.051
dc.title Prevalence of major depressive disorder and association with personal and socio-economic factors. Results for Spain of the European Health Interview Survey 2014-2015
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.06.051
dc.subject.keyword Major depressive disorder
dc.subject.keyword Correlates
dc.subject.keyword Epidemiology
dc.subject.keyword Health survey studies
dc.subject.keyword Population studies
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account

Statistics

In collaboration with Compliant to Partaking