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Influence of maternal obesity on the association between common pregnancy complications and risk of childhood obesity: an individual participant data meta-analysis

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dc.contributor.author Patro Golab, Bernadeta
dc.contributor.author Santos, Susana
dc.contributor.author Voerman, Ellis
dc.contributor.author Lawlor, Debbie A.
dc.contributor.author Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.
dc.contributor.author Gaillard, Romy
dc.contributor.author MOCO Study Group Authors
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-09T07:13:07Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-09T07:13:07Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Patro Golab B, Santos S, Voerman E, Lawlor DA, Jaddoe VWV, Gaillard R; MOCO Study Group Authors (members: Sunyer J, Vrijheid M, et al.). Influence of maternal obesity on the association between common pregnancy complications and risk of childhood obesity: an individual participant data meta-analysis. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2018; 2(11):812-821. DOI 10.1016/S2352-4642(18)30273-6
dc.identifier.issn 2352-4650
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/37196
dc.description.abstract Background: Gestational diabetes and gestational hypertensive disorders are associated with offspring obesity, but the role of maternal adiposity in these associations remains unclear. We aimed to investigate whether these pregnancy complications affect the odds of offspring obesity independently of maternal obesity. Methods: We did an individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis of mother–offspring pairs from prospective birth cohort studies that had IPD on mothers with singleton liveborn children born from 1989 onwards and had information available about maternal gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia, and childhood body-mass index (BMI). We applied multilevel mixed-effects models to assess associations of gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, and pre-eclampsia with BMI SD scores and the odds of overweight and obesity throughout childhood, adjusting for lifestyle characteristics (offspring's sex, maternal age, educational level, ethnicity, parity, and smoking during pregnancy). We then explored the extent to which any association was explained by maternal pre-pregnancy or early-pregnancy BMI. Findings: 160 757 mother–offspring pairs from 34 European or North American cohorts were analysed. Compared with uncomplicated pregnancies, gestational diabetes was associated with increased odds of overweight or obesity throughout childhood (odds ratio [OR] 1·59 [95% CI 1·36 to 1·86] for early childhood [age 2·0–4·9 years], 1·41 [1·26 to 1·57] for mid childhood [5·0–9·9 years], and 1·32 [0·97 to 1·78] for late childhood [10·0–17·9 years]); however, these associations attenuated towards the null following adjustment for maternal BMI (OR 1·35 [95% CI 1·15 to 1·58] for early childhood, 1·12 [1·00 to 1·25] for mid childhood, and 0·96 [0·71 to 1·31] for late childhood). Likewise, gestational hypertension was associated with increased odds of overweight throughout childhood (OR 1·19 [95% CI 1·01 to 1·39] for early childhood, 1·23 [1·15 to 1·32] for mid childhood, and 1·49 [1·30 to 1·70] for late childhood), but additional adjustment for maternal BMI largely explained these associations (1·01 [95% CI 0·86 to 1·19] for early childhood, 1·02 [0·95 to 1·10] for mid childhood, and 1·18 [1·03 to 1·36] for late childhood). Pre-eclampsia was associated with decreased BMI in early childhood only (difference in BMI SD score −0·05 SD score [95% CI −0·09 to −0·01]), and this association strengthened following additional adjustment for maternal BMI. Interpretation: Although lowering maternal risk of gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, and pre-eclampsia is important in relation to maternal and fetal pregnancy outcomes, such interventions are unlikely to have a direct impact on childhood obesity. Preventive strategies for reducing childhood obesity should focus on maternal BMI rather than on pregnancy complications. Funding: EU's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (LifeCycle Project).
dc.description.sponsorship This study has received support from the US National Institute of Health (R01 DK10324) and European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh 22 Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement no 669545. The Swedish Research Council, The Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation, The Swedish Research Council for Working Life and Social Welfare, the Swedish Asthma and Allergy Association Research Foundation, The Swedish Research Council Formas, Stockholm County Council, and the European Commission’s Seventh Framework 29 Program MeDALL under grant agreement No. 261357. This study has received support from the British Heart Foundation (CS/16/4/32482), US National Institute of Health (R01 DK10324) and European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement no 669545. The general design of the Generation R Study is made possible by financial support from the Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMw), Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport and Ministry of Youth and Families. Research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007- 2013), project EarlyNutrition under grant agreement n°289346, the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 633595 (DynaHEALTH) and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement 733206 (LifeCycle Project). European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreements Early Nutrition n° 289346 and by funds from the Norwegian Research Council's MILPAAHEL programme, project No.213148. This study was funded by Grants from UE (FP7-ENV-2011 cod 282957 and HEALTH.2010.2.4.5-1), Spain: ISCIII (G03/176; FIS-FEDER: PI09/02647, PI11/01007, PI11/02591, PI11/02038, PI13/1944, PI13/2032, PI14/00891, PI14/01687, and PI16/1288; Miguel Servet-FEDER CP11/00178, CP15/00025, and CPII16/00051), and Generalitat Valenciana: FISABIO (UGP 15-230, UGP-15-244, and UGP-15-249). The "Rhea" project was financially supported by European projects (EU FP6-2003-Food-3-NewGeneris, EU FP6. STREP Hiwate, EU FP7 ENV.2007.1.2.2.2. Project No 211250 Escape, EU FP7-2008-ENV-28.1.2.1.4 envirogenomarkers, EU FP7-HEALTH-2009- single stage CHICOS, EU FP7 ENV.2008.1.2.1.6. Proposal No 226285 ENRIECO, EU- FP7- HEALTH-2012 Proposal No 308333 HELIX) and the Greek Ministry of Health (Program of Prevention of obesity and neurodevelopmental disorders in preschool children, in Heraklion district, Crete, Greece: 2011-2014; “Rhea Plus”: Primary Prevention Program of Environmental Risk Factors for Reproductive Health, and Child Health: 2012-15). ROLO is supported by the Health Research Board Ireland, the Health Research Centre for Health and Diet Research, and the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013), project EarlyNutrition under grant agreement no. 289346. The SWS is supported by grants from the Medical Research Council, National Institute for Health Research Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton National Health Service Foundation Trust, and the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013), project EarlyNutrition (grant 289346). Study participants were drawn from a cohort study funded by the Medical Research Council and the Dunhill Medical Trust.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2018; 2(11):812-821
dc.rights © Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(18)30273-6
dc.title Influence of maternal obesity on the association between common pregnancy complications and risk of childhood obesity: an individual participant data meta-analysis
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(18)30273-6
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/669545
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/261357
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/289346
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/633595
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/733206
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


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