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White matter microstructure is altered in cognitively normal middle-aged APOE-ε4 homozygotes

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dc.contributor.author Operto, Grégory
dc.contributor.author Cacciaglia, Raffaele
dc.contributor.author Grau-Rivera, Oriol
dc.contributor.author Falcón, Carles
dc.contributor.author Brugulat Serrat, Anna, 1986-
dc.contributor.author Ródenas, Pablo
dc.contributor.author Ramos, Rubén
dc.contributor.author Morán, Sebastián
dc.contributor.author Esteller, Manel
dc.contributor.author Bargalló-Gispert, Núria
dc.contributor.author Molinuevo, José Luis
dc.contributor.author Domingo Gispert, Juan
dc.contributor.author ALFA Study
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-26T07:35:55Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-26T07:35:55Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Operto G, Cacciaglia R, Grau-Rivera O, Falcon C, Brugulat-Serrat A, Ródenas P et al. White matter microstructure is altered in cognitively normal middle-aged APOE-ε4 homozygotes. Alzheimers Res Ther. 2018;10(1):48. DOI 10.1186/s13195-018-0375-x
dc.identifier.issn 1758-9193
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/37139
dc.description.abstract Background: The ε4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE-ε4) is the strongest genetic factor for late-onset Alzheimer’s disease. During middle age, cognitively healthy APOE-ε4 carriers already show several brain alterations that resemble those of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but to a subtler degree. These include microstructural white matter (WM) changes that have been proposed as one of the earliest structural events in the AD cascade. However, previous studies have focused mainly on comparison of APOE-ε4 carriers vs noncarriers. Therefore, the extent and magnitude of the brain alterations in healthy ε4 homozygotes, who are the individuals at highest risk, remain to be characterized in detail. Methods: We examined mean, axial, and radial water diffusivity (MD, AxD, and RD, respectively) and fractional anisotropy in the WM as measured by diffusion-weighted imaging in 532 cognitively healthy middle-aged participants from the ALFA study (ALzheimer and FAmilies) cohort, a single-site population-based study enriched for AD risk (68 APOE-ε4 homozygotes, 207 heterozygotes, and 257 noncarriers). We examined the impact of age and APOE genotype on these parameters using tract-based spatial statistics. Results: Healthy APOE-ε4 homozygotes display increased WM diffusivity in regions known to be affected by AD. The effects in AxD were much smaller than in RD, suggesting a disruption of the myelin sheath rather than pure axonal damage. Conclusions: These findings could be interpreted as the result of the reduced capacity of the ε4 isoform of the APOE protein to keep cholesterol homeostasis in the brain. Because cerebral lipid metabolism is strongly related to the pathogenesis of AD, our results shed light on the possible mechanisms through which the APOE-ε4 genotype is associated with an increased risk of AD.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof Alzheimer's Research & Therapy. 2018;10(1):48
dc.rights © The Author(s). 2018. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title White matter microstructure is altered in cognitively normal middle-aged APOE-ε4 homozygotes
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13195-018-0375-x
dc.subject.keyword Diffusion tensor imaging
dc.subject.keyword Apolipoprotein E
dc.subject.keyword White matter integrity
dc.subject.keyword Aging
dc.subject.keyword Cognitively normal subjects
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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