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Evidence for three genetic loci involved in both anorexia nervosa risk and variation of body mass index

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dc.contributor.author Hinney, Anke
dc.contributor.author Price Foundation Collaborative Group
dc.contributor.author Sunyer Deu, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Hebebrand, Johannes
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-01T07:36:31Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-01T07:36:31Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Hinney A, Kesselmeier M, Jall S, Volckmar AL, Föcker M, Antel J et al. Evidence for three genetic loci involved in both anorexia nervosa risk and variation of body mass index. Mol Psychiatry. 2017; 22(2):321-322. DOI 10.1038/mp.2016.126
dc.identifier.issn 1359-4184
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/37017
dc.description.abstract The maintenance of normal body weight is disrupted in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) for prolonged periods of time. Prior to the onset of AN, premorbid body mass index (BMI) spans the entire range from underweight to obese. After recovery, patients have reduced rates of overweight and obesity. As such, loci involved in body weight regulation may also be relevant for AN and vice versa. Our primary analysis comprised a cross-trait analysis of the 1000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with the lowest P-values in a genome-wide association meta-analysis (GWAMA) of AN (GCAN) for evidence of association in the largest published GWAMA for BMI (GIANT). Subsequently we performed sex-stratified analyses for these 1000 SNPs. Functional ex vivo studies on four genes ensued. Lastly, a look-up of GWAMA-derived BMI-related loci was performed in the AN GWAMA. We detected significant associations (P-values <5 × 10-5, Bonferroni-corrected P<0.05) for nine SNP alleles at three independent loci. Interestingly, all AN susceptibility alleles were consistently associated with increased BMI. None of the genes (chr. 10: CTBP2, chr. 19: CCNE1, chr. 2: CARF and NBEAL1; the latter is a region with high linkage disequilibrium) nearest to these SNPs has previously been associated with AN or obesity. Sex-stratified analyses revealed that the strongest BMI signal originated predominantly from females (chr. 10 rs1561589; Poverall: 2.47 × 10-06/Pfemales: 3.45 × 10-07/Pmales: 0.043). Functional ex vivo studies in mice revealed reduced hypothalamic expression of Ctbp2 and Nbeal1 after fasting. Hypothalamic expression of Ctbp2 was increased in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice as compared with age-matched lean controls. We observed no evidence for associations for the look-up of BMI-related loci in the AN GWAMA. A cross-trait analysis of AN and BMI loci revealed variants at three chromosomal loci with potential joint impact. The chromosome 10 locus is particularly promising given that the association with obesity was primarily driven by females. In addition, the detected altered hypothalamic expression patterns of Ctbp2 and Nbeal1 as a result of fasting and DIO implicate these genes in weight regulation.
dc.description.sponsorship The authors express their gratitude to all participants. We thank the following sources for funding or research: the German Ministry for Education and Research (National Genome Research Net-Plus 01GS0820 and 01KU0903; AS, MK and the CSCC were supported by 01EO1002, 01EO1502), the German Research Foundation (DFG; HI865/2-1, SFB940/1, SCHE1648/1-3, TS226/3-1), the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under grant agreement n°245009 and n°262055, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH; R01DK075787), funding to MHT from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the Helmholtz Alliance ICEMED – Imaging and Curing Environmental Metabolic Diseases, through the Initiative and Networking Fund of the Helmholtz Association, the Helmholtz cross-program topic “Metabolic Dysfunction”, the WTCCC3 WT088827/Z/09 entitled “A genome wide association study of anorexia nervosa”.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nature Research
dc.relation.ispartof Mol Psychiatry. 2017; 22(2):321-322
dc.rights © Springer Nature Publishing AG Hinney A, Kesselmeier M, Jall S, Volckmar AL, Föcker M, Antel J et al. Evidence for three genetic loci involved in both anorexia nervosa risk and variation of body mass index. Mol Psychiatry. 2017; 22(2):321-322. DOI 10.1038/mp.2016.126 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mp.2016.126]
dc.title Evidence for three genetic loci involved in both anorexia nervosa risk and variation of body mass index
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mp.2016.126
dc.subject.keyword Obesity
dc.subject.keyword Loci
dc.subject.keyword Cross-disorder
dc.subject.keyword Shared
dc.subject.keyword Eating disorder
dc.subject.keyword Bulimia nervosa
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/245009
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/262055
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


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