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Age of onset of mental disorders: a review of recent literature

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dc.contributor.author Kessler, Ronald C.
dc.contributor.author Amminger, G. Paul
dc.contributor.author Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio
dc.contributor.author Alonso Caballero, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Lee, Sing
dc.contributor.author Ustun, T. Bedirhan
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-27T08:43:46Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-27T08:43:46Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.citation Kessler RC, Amminger GP, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Alonso J, Lee S, Ustün TB. Age of onset of mental disorders: a review of recent literature. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2007 Jul;20(4):359-64. DOI: 10.1097/YCO.0b013e32816ebc8c
dc.identifier.issn 0951-7367
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/36973
dc.description.abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review recent epidemiological research on age-of-onset of mental disorders, focusing on the WHO World Mental Health surveys. RECENT FINDINGS: Median and inter-quartile range (IQR; 25th-75th percentiles) of age-of-onset is much earlier for phobias (7-14, IQR 4-20) and impulse-control disorders (7-15; IQR 4-35) than other anxiety disorders (25-53, IQR 15-75), mood disorders (25-45, IQR 17-65), and substance disorders (18-29, IQR 16-43). Although less data exist for nonaffective psychosis, available evidence suggests that median age-of-onset is in the range late teens through early 20s. Roughly half of all lifetime mental disorders in most studies start by the mid-teens and three quarters by the mid-20s. Later onsets are mostly secondary conditions. Severe disorders are typically preceded by less severe disorders that are seldom brought to clinical attention. SUMMARY: First onset of mental disorders usually occur in childhood or adolescence, although treatment typically does not occur until a number of years later. Although interventions with early incipient disorders might help reduce severity-persistence of primary disorders and prevent secondary disorders, additional research is needed on appropriate treatments for early incipient cases and on long-term evaluation of the effects of early intervention on secondary prevention.
dc.description.sponsorship The core activities of the WMH are supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (R01 MH070884), the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Pfizer Foundation, the US Public Health Service (R13‐MH066849, R01‐ MH069864, and R01 DA016558)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
dc.rights © Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Kessler RC, Amminger GP, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Alonso J, Lee S, Ustün TB. Age of onset of mental disorders: a review of recent literature. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2007 Jul;20(4):359-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0b013e32816ebc8c
dc.subject.other Malalties mentals
dc.title Age of onset of mental disorders: a review of recent literature
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0b013e32816ebc8c
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


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