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The global burden of mental disorders: an update from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys

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dc.contributor.author Kessler, Ronald C.
dc.contributor.author Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio
dc.contributor.author Alonso Caballero, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Chatterji, Somnath
dc.contributor.author Lee, Sing
dc.contributor.author Ormel, Johan
dc.contributor.author Üstün, T. Bedirhan
dc.contributor.author Wang, Philip S.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-18T13:00:37Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-18T13:00:37Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Kessler RC, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Alonso J, Chatterji S, Lee S, Ormel J et al. The global burden of mental disorders: an update from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys. Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc. 2009 Jan-Mar; 18(1): 23-33. DOI: 10.1017/S1121189X00001421
dc.identifier.issn 1121-189X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/36856
dc.description.abstract AIMS: The paper reviews recent findings from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys on the global burden of mental disorders. METHODS: The WMH surveys are representative community surveys in 28 countries throughout the world aimed at providing information to mental health policy makers about the prevalence, distribution, burden, and unmet need for treatment of common mental disorders. RESULTS: The first 17 WMH surveys show that mental disorders are commonly occurring in all participating countries. The inter-quartile range (IQR: 25th-75th percentiles) of lifetime DSM-IV disorder prevalence estimates (combining anxiety, mood, externalizing, and substance use disorders) is 18.1-36.1%. The IQR of 12-month prevalence estimates is 9.8-19.1%. Prevalence estimates of 12-month Serious Mental Illness (SMI) are 4-6.8% in half the countries, 2.3-3.6% in one-fourth, and 0.8-1.9% in one-fourth. Many mental disorders begin in childhood-adolescence and have significant adverse effects on subsequent role transitions in the WMH data. Adult mental disorders are found to be associated with such high role impairment in the WMH data that available clinical interventions could have positive cost-effectiveness ratios. CONCLUSIONS: Mental disorders are commonly occurring and often seriously impairing in many countries throughout the world. Expansion of treatment could be cost-effective from both employer and societal perspectives.
dc.description.sponsorship Preparation of this paper was supported, in part, by the following grants from the US Public Health Service: U01MH060220, R01DA012058, R01MH070884 and R01DA016558
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Il Pensiero Scientifico
dc.rights © Cambridge University Press 2009
dc.subject.other Salut
dc.subject.other Malalties mentals
dc.title The global burden of mental disorders: an update from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1121189X00001421
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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