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Smoking estimates from around the world: data from the first 17 participating countries in the World Mental Health Survey Consortium

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dc.contributor.author Storr, Carla L.
dc.contributor.author Cheng, Hui
dc.contributor.author Alonso Caballero, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Angermeyer, Matthias C.
dc.contributor.author Bruffaerts, Ronny
dc.contributor.author Girolamo, Giovanni de
dc.contributor.author de Graaf, Ron
dc.contributor.author Gureje, Oye
dc.contributor.author Karam, Elie G.
dc.contributor.author Kostyuchenko, Stanislav
dc.contributor.author Lee, Sing
dc.contributor.author Lepine, Jean-Pierre
dc.contributor.author Medina Mora, Maria Elena
dc.contributor.author Myer, Landon
dc.contributor.author Neumark, Yehuda
dc.contributor.author Posada Villa, José
dc.contributor.author Watanabe, Makoto
dc.contributor.author Wells, J. Elisabeth
dc.contributor.author Kessler, Ronald C.
dc.contributor.author Anthony, James C.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-14T07:33:35Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-14T07:33:35Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Storr CL, Cheng H, Alonso J, Angermeyer M, Bruffaerts R, de Girolamo G et al. Smoking estimates from around the world: data from the first 17 participating countries in the World Mental Health Survey Consortium. Tob Control. 2010 Feb;19(1):65-74. DOI: 10.1136/tc.2009.032474
dc.identifier.issn 0964-4563
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/36823
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: To contribute new multinational findings on basic descriptive features of smoking and cessation, based upon standardised community surveys of adults residing in seven low-income and middle-income countries and 10 higher-income countries from all regions of the world. METHODS: Data were collected using standardised interviews and community probability sample survey methods conducted as part of the WHO World Mental Health Surveys Initiative. Demographic and socioeconomic correlates of smoking are studied using cross-tabulation and logistic regression approaches. Within-country sample weights were applied with variance estimation appropriate for complex sample survey designs. RESULTS: Estimated prevalence of smoking experience (history of ever smoking) and current smoking varied across the countries under study. In all but four countries, one out of every four adults currently smoked. In higher-income countries, estimated proportions of former smokers (those who had quit) were roughly double the corresponding estimates for most low-income and middle-income countries. Characteristics of smokers varied within individual countries, and in relation to the World Bank's low-medium-high gradient of economic development. In stark contrast to a sturdy male-female difference in the uptake of smoking seen in each country, there is no consistent sex-associated pattern in the odds of remaining a smoker (versus quitting). CONCLUSION: The World Mental Health Surveys estimates complement existing global tobacco monitoring efforts. The observed global diversity of associations with smoking and smoking cessation underscore reasons for implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control provisions and prompt local adaptation of prevention and control interventions.
dc.description.sponsorship The preparation of this manuscript was funded by the US National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA016558 and K05DA015799). These activities were supported by the United States National Institute of Mental Health (R01MH070884), the John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation, the Pfizer Foundation, the US Public Health Service (R13-MH066849, R01-MH069864, and R01 DA016558), the Fogarty International Center (FIRCA R01-TW006481). The ESEMeD project is funded by the European Commission (Contracts QLG5-1999-01042; SANCO 2004123), the Piedmont Region (Italy), Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain (FIS 00/0028), Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Spain (SAF 2000-158-CE), Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (CIBER CB06/02/0046, RETICS RD06/0011 REM-TAP). The World Mental Health Japan (WMHJ) Survey is supported by the Grant for Research on Psychiatric and Neurological Diseases and Mental Health (H13-SHOGAI-023, H14-TOKUBETSU-026, H16-KOKORO-013) from the Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. The Mexican National Comorbidity Survey (MNCS) is supported by The National Institute of Psychiatry Ramon de la Fuente (INPRFMDIES 4280) and by the National Council on Science and Technology (CONACyT-G30544- H). The South Africa Stress and Health Study (SASH) is supported by the US National Institute of Mental Health (R01- MH059575). The Ukraine Comorbid Mental Disorders during Periods of Social Disruption (CMDPSD) study is funded by the US National Institute of Mental Health (RO1-MH61905). The US National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) is supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH; U01-MH60220) The US National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) is supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH; U01-MH60220) with supplemental support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF; Grant 044708)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartof Tobacco Control. 2010 Feb;19(1):65-74
dc.rights © BMJ Publishing Group. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tc.2009.032474
dc.subject.other Hàbit de fumar
dc.subject.other Tabaquisme -- Tractament
dc.subject.other Tabac -- Efectes fisiològics
dc.title Smoking estimates from around the world: data from the first 17 participating countries in the World Mental Health Survey Consortium
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tc.2009.032474
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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