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Mental disorders among adults with asthma: results from the World Mental Health Survey

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dc.contributor.author Scott, Kate M.
dc.contributor.author Korff, Michael von
dc.contributor.author Ormel, Johan
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Ming-yuan
dc.contributor.author Bruffaerts, Ronny
dc.contributor.author Alonso Caballero, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Kessler, Ronald C.
dc.contributor.author Tachimori, Hisateru
dc.contributor.author Karam, Elie G.
dc.contributor.author Levinson, Daphna
dc.contributor.author Bromet, Evelyn J.
dc.contributor.author Posada Villa, José
dc.contributor.author Gasquet, Isabelle
dc.contributor.author Angermeyer, Matthias C.
dc.contributor.author Borges, Guilherme
dc.contributor.author Girolamo, Giovanni de
dc.contributor.author Herman, Allen
dc.contributor.author Haro Abad, Josep Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-06T11:31:22Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-06T11:31:22Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.citation Scott KM, Von Korff M, Ormel J, Zhang MY, Bruffaerts R, Alonso J et al. Mental disorders among adults with asthma: results from the World Mental Health Survey. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2007 Mar-Apr; 29(2): 123-33. DOI: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2006.12.006
dc.identifier.issn 0163-8343
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/36762
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were (a) to determine which common mental disorders are associated with asthma in the general population after controlling for age and sex, and (b) to assess whether the associations of mental disorders with asthma are consistent across diverse countries. METHOD: Eighteen population surveys of household-residing adults were carried out in 17 countries (N=85,088). Mental disorders were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0, a fully structured diagnostic interview. The disorders considered here are 12-month anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder/agoraphobia, posttraumatic stress disorder and social phobia), depressive disorders (dysthymia and major depressive disorder) and alcohol use disorders (abuse and dependence). Asthma was ascertained by self-reports of lifetime diagnosis among a subsample (n=42,697). RESULTS: Pooled estimates of age-adjusted and sex-adjusted odds of mental disorders among persons with asthma relative to those without asthma were 1.6 [95% confidence interval (95% CI)=1.4, 1.8] for depressive disorders, 1.5 (95% CI=1.4, 1.7) for anxiety disorders and 1.7 (95% CI=1.4, 2.1) for alcohol use disorders. CONCLUSION: This first cross-national study of the relationship between asthma and mental disorders confirms that a range of common mental disorders occurs with greater frequency among persons with asthma. These results attest to the importance of clinicians in diverse settings being alert to the co-occurrence of these conditions.
dc.description.sponsorship These activities were supported by the United States National Institute of Mental Health (R01MH070884), the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Pfizer Foundation, the US Public Health Service (R13-MH066849, R01-MH069864, and R01 DA016558), the Fogarty International Center (FIRCA R01-TW006481). The ESEMeD project is funded by the European Commission (Contracts QLG5-1999-01042; SANCO 2004123), the Piedmont Region (Italy), Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain (FIS 00/0028), Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Spain (SAF 2000-158-CE), Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain. The World Mental Health Japan (WMHJ) Survey is supported by the Grant for Research on Psychiatric and Neurological Diseases and Mental Health (H13-SHOGAI-023, H14-TOKUBETSU -026, H16-KOKORO-013) from the Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. The Mexican National Comorbidity Survey (MNCS) is supported by The National Institute of Psychiatry Ramon de la Fuente (INPRFMDIES 4280) and by the National Council on Science and Technology (CONACyT-G30544- H). The South Africa Stress and Health Study (SASH) is supported by the US National Institute of Mental Health (R01-MH059575). The Ukraine Comorbid Mental Disorders during Periods of Social Disruption (CMDPSD) study is funded by the US National Institute of Mental Health (RO1-MH61905). The US National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) is supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH; U01-MH60220) with supplemental support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF; Grant 044708).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights © Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2006.12.006
dc.subject.other Asma
dc.subject.other Salut
dc.subject.other Malalties mentals
dc.subject.other Assistència psiquiàtrica
dc.title Mental disorders among adults with asthma: results from the World Mental Health Survey
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2006.12.006
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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