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Does the speaker matter? Online processing of semantic and pragmatic information in L2 speech comprehension

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dc.contributor.author Foucart, Alice
dc.contributor.author García, Xavier, 1967-
dc.contributor.author Ayguasanosa, Meritxell
dc.contributor.author Thierry, Guillaume
dc.contributor.author Martin, Clara D.
dc.contributor.author Costa, Albert, 1970-
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-23T08:05:45Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-23T08:05:45Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Foucart A, Garcia X, Ayguasanosa M, Thierry G, Martin C, Costa A. Does the speaker matter? Online processing of semantic and pragmatic information in L2 speech comprehension. Neuropsychologia. 2015;75: 291-303. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.06.027
dc.identifier.issn 0028-3932
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/35228
dc.description.abstract The present study investigated how pragmatic information is integrated during L2 sentence comprehension. We put forward that the differences often observed between L1 and L2 sentence processing may reflect differences on how various types of information are used to process a sentence, and not necessarily differences between native and non-native linguistic systems. Based on the idea that when a cue is missing or distorted, one relies more on other cues available, we hypothesised that late bilinguals favour the cues that they master during sentence processing. To verify this hypothesis we investigated whether late bilinguals take the speaker's identity (inferred by the voice) into account when incrementally processing speech and whether this affects their online interpretation of the sentence. To do so, we adapted Van Berkum, J.J.A., Van den Brink, D., Tesink, C.M.J.Y., Kos, M., Hagoort, P., 2008. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 20(4), 580–591, study in which sentences with either semantic violations or pragmatic inconsistencies were presented. While both the native and the non-native groups showed a similar response to semantic violations (N400), their response to speakers’ inconsistencies slightly diverged; late bilinguals showed a positivity much earlier than native speakers (LPP). These results suggest that, like native speakers, late bilinguals process semantic and pragmatic information incrementally; however, what seems to differ between L1 and L2 processing is the time-course of the different processes. We propose that this difference may originate from late bilinguals’ sensitivity to pragmatic information and/or their ability to efficiently make use of the information provided by the sentence context to generate expectations in relation to pragmatic information during L2 sentence comprehension. In other words, late bilinguals may rely more on speaker identity than native speakers when they face semantic integration difficulties.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by Grants from the Spanish Government (PSI2011-23033, and CONSOLIDER-INGENIO 2010 CSD2007-00048), from the Catalan Government (SGR 2009-1521) and from the European Research Council under the European Community's Seventh Framework (FP7/2007–2013 Cooperation Grant agreement 613465-AThEME). C. Martin is supported by the Basque Foundation for Science (IKERBASQUE), Spain and the BCBL Institution.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Neuropsychologia. 2015;75: 291-303.
dc.rights © Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.06.027
dc.title Does the speaker matter? Online processing of semantic and pragmatic information in L2 speech comprehension
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.06.027
dc.subject.keyword Bilingualism
dc.subject.keyword Sentence comprehension
dc.subject.keyword Semantics
dc.subject.keyword Pragmatics
dc.subject.keyword ERPs
dc.subject.keyword N400
dc.subject.keyword LPP
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/613465
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/PSI2011-23033
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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