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Prevalence of psychoactive substances, alcohol and illicit drugs, in Spanish drivers: A roadside study in 2015

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dc.contributor.author Domingo i Salvany, Antònia
dc.contributor.author Herrero Gascón, Mª Jesús
dc.contributor.author Fernández, Beatriz
dc.contributor.author Pérez, Julio
dc.contributor.author Real, Pilar del
dc.contributor.author González Luque, Juan Carlos
dc.contributor.author Torre Fornell, Rafael de la
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-25T07:35:01Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Domingo-Salvany A, Herrero MJ, Fernandez B, Perez J, Del Real P, González-Luque JC et al. Prevalence of psychoactive substances, alcohol and illicit drugs, in Spanish drivers: A roadside study in 2015. Forensic Sci Int. 2017 Sep;278:253-259. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.07.005
dc.identifier.issn 0379-0738
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/34720
dc.description.abstract A survey was conducted during 2015 to monitor psychoactive substance use in a sample of drivers in Spanish roads and cities. Traffic police officers recruited drivers at sites carefully chosen to achieve representativeness of the driver population. A brief questionnaire included the date, time, and personal and driving patterns data. Alcohol use was ascertained through ethanol breath test at the roadside and considered positive if concentrations >0.05mg alcohol/L were detected. Four drug classes were assessed on-site through an oral fluid screening test that, if positive, was confirmed through a second oral fluid sample at a reference laboratory. Laboratory confirmation analyses screened for 26 psychoactive substances. To evaluate the association between drug findings and age, sex, road type (urban/interurban), and period of the week (weekdays, weeknights, weekend days, weekend nights), logistic regression analyses were done (overall, and separately for alcohol, cannabis and cocaine). A total of 2744 drivers, mean age of 37.5 years, 77.8% men, were included. Overall, 11.6% of the drivers had at least one positive finding to the substances assessed. Substances more frequently testing positive were cannabis (7.5%), cocaine (4.7%) and alcohol (2.6%). More than one substance was detected in 4% of the subjects. The proportion of positive results decreased with age, and was more likely among men and on urban roads. The pattern for alcohol use was similar but did not change with age and increased among drivers recruited at night. Cannabis was more likely to be detected at younger ages and cocaine was associated with night driving. Alcohol use before driving has decreased over the last decade; however, the consumption of other illegal drugs seems to have increased. The pattern of illegal psychoactive substance observed is similar to that declared in surveys of the general population of adults.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights © Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.07.005
dc.subject.other Conductors d'automòbils -- Espanya
dc.subject.other Consum d'alcohol i accidents de circulació -- Espanya
dc.title Prevalence of psychoactive substances, alcohol and illicit drugs, in Spanish drivers: A roadside study in 2015
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.07.005
dc.subject.keyword Breath test
dc.subject.keyword Drivers
dc.subject.keyword Epidemiology
dc.subject.keyword Oral fluid
dc.subject.keyword Psychoactive substance use
dc.subject.keyword Screening test
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.embargo.liftdate 2018-09-01
dc.date.embargoEnd info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2018-09-01

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