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Is mandarin chinese a truth-based language? Rejecting responses to negative assertions and questions

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dc.contributor.author Feifei, Li
dc.contributor.author González-Fuente, Santiago
dc.contributor.author Prieto Vives, Pilar, 1965-
dc.contributor.author Espinal i Farré, M. Teresa
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-25T16:52:53Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-25T16:52:53Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Feifei L, González-Fuente S, Prieto P, Espinal MT. Is mandarin chinese a truth-based language? Rejecting responses to negative assertions and questions. Front. Psychol. 2016; 7:1967. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01967
dc.identifier.issn 1664-1078
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/32693
dc.description.abstract This paper addresses the central question of whether Mandarin Chinese (MC) is a canonical truth-based language, a language that is expected to express the speaker's disagreement to a negative proposition by means of a negative particle followed by a positive sentence. Eight native speakers of MC participated in an oral Discourse Completion Task that elicited rejecting responses to negative assertions/questions and broad focus statements (control condition). Results show that MC speakers convey reject by relying on a combination of lexico-syntactic strategies (e.g., negative particles such as bù, méi(you), and positive sentences) together with prosodic (e.g., mean pitch) and gestural strategies (mainly, the use of head nods). Importantly, the use of a negative particle, which was the expected outcome in truth-based languages, only appeared in 52% of the rejecting answers. This system puts into question the macroparametric division between truth-based and polarity-based languages and calls for a more general view of the instantiation of a reject speech act that integrates lexical and syntactic strategies with prosodic and gestural strategies.
dc.description.sponsorship We acknowledge support from the Spanish MINECO (FFI2014-52015-P, FFI2015-66533-P), and from the Generalitat de Catalunya to both the Prosodic Studies Group (2014SGR-925) and the Centre de Lingüística Teòrica (2014SGR-1013). The first author acknowledges a grant from the Chinese Scholarship Council, the second author a MEC-Spain FPU 2012-05893 grant, and the last author an ICREA Academia award.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers
dc.relation.ispartof Front. Psychol. 2016; 7:1967. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01967
dc.rights ©2016 Li, González-Fuente, Prieto and Espinal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Is mandarin chinese a truth-based language? Rejecting responses to negative assertions and questions
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01967
dc.subject.keyword Truth-based language
dc.subject.keyword REJECT
dc.subject.keyword Disagreement
dc.subject.keyword Negative propositions
dc.subject.keyword Mandarin Chinese
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/FFI2015-665
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/FFI2014-52015-P
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/FPU 2012-05893
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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