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Sulfate metabolites as alternative markers for the detection of 4-chlorometandienone misuse in doping control

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dc.contributor.author Balcells Aribau, Georgina, 1987-
dc.contributor.author Gómez, Cristina
dc.contributor.author Garrostas, Lorena
dc.contributor.author Pozo Mendoza, Óscar J., 1975-
dc.contributor.author Ventura Alemany, Rosa
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-05T07:37:51Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Balcells G, Gómez C, Garrostas L, Pozo ÓJ, Ventura R. Sulfate metabolites as alternative markers for the detection of 4-chlorometandienone misuse in doping control. Drug Test Anal. 2016 Sep 30. DOI: 10.1002/dta.2101.
dc.identifier.issn 1942-7603
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/32509
dc.description.abstract Sulfate metabolites have been described as long-term metabolites for some anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). 4-chlorometandienone (4Cl-MTD) is one of the most frequently detected AAS in sports drug testing and it is commonly detected by monitoring metabolites excreted free or conjugated with glucuronic acid. Sulfation reactions of 4Cl-MTD have not been studied. The aim of this work was to evaluate the sulfate fraction of 4Cl-MTD metabolism by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to establish potential long-term metabolites valuable for doping control purposes. 4Cl-MTD was administered to two healthy male volunteers and urine samples were collected up to 8 days after administration. A theoretical selected reaction monitoring (SRM) method working in negative mode was developed. Ion transitions were based on ionization and fragmentation behaviour of sulfate metabolites as well as specific neutral losses (NL of 15 Da and NL of 36 Da) of compounds with related chemical structure. Six sulfate metabolites were detected after the analysis of excretion study samples. Three of the identified metabolites were characterized by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). Results showed that five out of the six identified sulfate metabolites were detected in urine up to the last collected samples from both excretion studies. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
dc.description.sponsorship The financial support received from the World Anti-Doping Agency WADA (12A21RV), Ministerio de Economía y Competividad (Gobierno de España) (Project number DEP2012-35612) and Generalitat de Catalunya (Consell Català de l’Esport, DIUE 2014SGR 692) is gratefully acknowledged
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Drug Testing and Analysis. 2017;9(7):983-93.
dc.rights This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Balcells G, Gómez C, Garrostas L, Pozo ÓJ, Ventura R. Sulfate metabolites as alternative markers for the detection of 4-chlorometandienone misuse in doping control. Drug Test Anal. 2016 Sep 30. [Epub ahead of print] , which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dta.2101. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving
dc.subject.other Dopatge en els esports -- Control
dc.subject.other Metabòlits
dc.subject.other Sulfats
dc.title Sulfate metabolites as alternative markers for the detection of 4-chlorometandienone misuse in doping control
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dta.2101
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/DEP2012-35612
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.embargo.liftdate 2017-09-30
dc.date.embargoEnd info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2017-09-30


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