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Bioremediation at a global scale: from the test tube to planet Earth

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dc.contributor.author de Lorenzo, Víctor
dc.contributor.author Marlière, Philippe
dc.contributor.author Solé Vicente, Ricard, 1962-
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-06T13:51:55Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-06T13:51:55Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation de Lorenzo V, Marlière P, Solé Vicente R. Bioremediation at a global scale: from the test tube to planet Earth. Microbial Biotechnology. 2016; 9(5): 618-625. DOI: 10.1111/1751-7915.12399
dc.identifier.issn 1751-7915
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/28173
dc.description.abstract Planet Earth's biosphere has evolved over billions of years as a balanced bio-geological system ultimately sustained by sunpower and the large-scale cycling of elements largely run by the global environmental microbiome. Humans have been part of this picture for much of their existence. But the industrial revolution started in the XIX century and the subsequent advances in medicine, chemistry, agriculture and communications have impacted such balances to an unprecedented degree – and the problem has nothing but exacerbated in the last 20 years. Human overpopulation, industrial growth along with unsustainable use of natural resources have driven many sites and perhaps the planetary ecosystem as a whole, beyond recovery by spontaneous natural means, even if the immediate causes could be stopped. The most conspicuous indications of such a state of affairs include the massive change in land use, the accelerated increase in the levels of greenhouse gases, the frequent natural disasters associated to climate change and the growing non-recyclable waste (e.g. plastics and recalcitrant chemicals) that we release to the Environment. While the whole planet is afflicted at a global scale by chemical pollution and anthropogenic emissions, the ongoing development of systems and synthetic biology, metagenomics, modern chemistry and some key concepts from ecological theory allow us to tackle this phenomenal challenge and propose large-scale interventions aimed at reversing and even improving the situation. This involves (i) identification of key reactions or processes that need to be re-established (or altogether created) for ecosystem reinstallation, (ii) implementation of such reactions in natural or designer hosts able to self-replicate and deliver the corresponding activities when/where needed in a fashion guided by sound ecological modelling, (iii) dispersal of niche-creating agents at a global scale and (iv) containment, monitoring and risk assessment of the whole process.
dc.description.sponsorship RS's Laboratory was supported by European Research Council Advanced Grant (SYNCOM), the Botin Foundation, by Banco Santander through its Santander Universities Global Division, the Secretaria d'Universitats i Recerca del Departament d'Economia i Coneixement de la Generalitat de Catalunya and by the Santa Fe Institute. VdL's work is funded by MINECO grant MTM2014-56948-C2 and the ARYSIS and EMPOWERPUTIDA (6336636) Contracts of the EU, the ERANET-IB Program and the PROMT Project of the CAM.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Microbial Biotechnology. 2016; 9(5): 618-625
dc.rights 2016 The Authors. Microbial Biotechnology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for Applied Microbiology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.other Bioremediació
dc.title Bioremediation at a global scale: from the test tube to planet Earth
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1751-7915.12399
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/294294
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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