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Combining Multiple Hypothesis Testing with Machine Learning Increases the Statistical Power of Genome-wide Association Studies

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dc.contributor.author Mieth, Bettina
dc.contributor.author Kloft, Marius
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez, Juan Antonio
dc.contributor.author Sonnenburg, Sören
dc.contributor.author Vobruba, Robin
dc.contributor.author Morcillo Suárez, Carlos, 1969-
dc.contributor.author Farré, Xavier
dc.contributor.author Marigorta, Urko M.
dc.contributor.author Fehr, Ernst
dc.contributor.author Dickhaus, Thorsten
dc.contributor.author Blanchard, Gilles
dc.contributor.author Schunk, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Navarro i Cuartiellas, Arcadi, 1969-
dc.contributor.author Müller, Klaus-Robert
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-06T13:51:50Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-06T13:51:50Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Mieth B, Kloft M, Rodríguez JA, Sonnenburg S, Vobruba R, Morcillo-Suárez C, Farré X, Marigorta UM, Fehr E, Dickhaus T, Blanchard G, Schunk D, Navarro i Cuartiellas A, Müller KR. Combining Multiple Hypothesis Testing with Machine Learning Increases the Statistical Power of Genome-wide Association Studies. Scientific Reports. 2016; 6: 36671. DOI: 10.1038/srep36671
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/28172
dc.description.abstract The standard approach to the analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is based on testing each position in the genome individually for statistical significance of its association with the phenotype under investigation. To improve the analysis of GWAS, we propose a combination of machine learning and statistical testing that takes correlation structures within the set of SNPs under investigation in a mathematically well-controlled manner into account. The novel two-step algorithm, COMBI, first trains a support vector machine to determine a subset of candidate SNPs and then performs hypothesis tests for these SNPs together with an adequate threshold correction. Applying COMBI to data from a WTCCC study (2007) and measuring performance as replication by independent GWAS published within the 2008–2015 period, we show that our method outperforms ordinary raw p-value thresholding as well as other state-of-the-art methods. COMBI presents higher power and precision than the examined alternatives while yielding fewer false (i.e. non-replicated) and more true (i.e. replicated) discoveries when its results are validated on later GWAS studies. More than 80% of the discoveries made by COMBI upon WTCCC data have been validated by independent studies. Implementations of the COMBI method are available as a part of the GWASpi toolbox 2.0.
dc.description.sponsorship EF acknowledges support from the advanced ERC grant (ERC-2011-AdG 295642-FEP) on the Foundation of Economic Preferences. MK, BM, and KRM were supported by the German National Science Foundation (DFG) under the grants MU 987/6-1 and RA 1894/1-1. TD and DS were supported by the German National Science Foundation (DFG) under the grants DI 1723/3-1 und SCHU 2828/2-1. GB and TS acknowledge support of the German National Science Foundation (DFG) under the research group grant FOR 1735. MK, DT, KRM, and GB acknowledge financial support by the FP7-ICT Programme of the European Community, under the PASCAL2 Network of Excellence. MK acknowledges a postdoctoral fellowship by the German Research Foundation (DFG), award KL 2698/2-1, and from the Federal Ministry of Science and Education (BMBF) awards 031L0023A and 031B0187B. AN acknowledges support from the Spanish Multiple Sclerosis Network (REEM), of the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (RD12/0032/0011), the Spanish National Institute for Bioinformatics (PT13/0001/0026) the Spanish Government Grant BFU2012-38236 and from FEDER. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 634143 (MedBioinformatics). MK and KRM were financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology, through the National Research Foundation of Korea under Grant R31-10008 (MK, KRM) and BK21 (KRM).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartof Scientific Reports. 2016; 6: 36671
dc.rights © Nature Publishing Group. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Combining Multiple Hypothesis Testing with Machine Learning Increases the Statistical Power of Genome-wide Association Studies
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep36671
dc.subject.keyword Computational science
dc.subject.keyword Genome-wide association studies
dc.subject.keyword Statistical methods
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/BFU2012-38236
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/634143
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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