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Mesenchymal stem cells generate distinct functional hybrids in vitro via cell fusion or entosis

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dc.contributor.author Sottile, Francesco, 1988-
dc.contributor.author Aulicino, Francesco, 1987-
dc.contributor.author Theka, Ilda, 1984-
dc.contributor.author Cosma, Maria Pia, 1970-
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-26T13:35:12Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-26T13:35:12Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Sottile F, Aulicino F, Theka I, Cosma MP. Mesenchymal stem cells generate distinct functional hybrids in vitro via cell fusion or entosis. Scientific Reports. 2016;6:36863. DOI: 10.1038/srep36863
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/28000
dc.description.abstract Homotypic and heterotypic cell-to-cell fusion are key processes during development and tissue regeneration. Nevertheless, aberrant cell fusion can contribute to tumour initiation and metastasis. Additionally, a form of cell-in-cell structure called entosis has been observed in several human tumours. Here we investigate cell-to-cell interaction between mouse mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and embryonic stem cells (ESCs). MSCs represent an important source of adult stem cells since they have great potential for regenerative medicine, even though they are also involved in cancer progression. We report that MSCs can either fuse forming heterokaryons, or be invaded by ESCs through entosis. While entosis-derived hybrids never share their genomes and induce degradation of the target cell, fusion-derived hybrids can convert into synkaryons. Importantly we show that hetero-to-synkaryon transition occurs through cell division and not by nuclear membrane fusion. Additionally, we also observe that the ROCK-actin/myosin pathway is required for both fusion and entosis in ESCs but only for entosis in MSCs. Overall, we show that MSCs can undergo fusion or entosis in culture by generating distinct functional cellular entities. These two processes are profoundly different and their outcomes should be considered given the beneficial or possible detrimental effects of MSC-based therapeutic applications.
dc.description.sponsorship We are grateful for support from an ERC grant (242630-RERE to M.P.C.), Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad and FEDER funds (BFU2014-54717-P, and BFU2015-71984-ERC to M.P.C.), AGAUR grant (2014 SGR1137 to M.P.C.), the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement CellViewer No 686637 (to M.P.C.), La Caixa international PhD fellowship (to F.S.), People Programme Marie Curie Actions of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013/, n° 290123 to I.T.) and Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacio´ FPI (to F.A.). We acknowledge support of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, ‘Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa 2013–2017’.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartof Scientific Reports. 2016;6:36863
dc.rights © Nature Publishing Group. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Mesenchymal stem cells generate distinct functional hybrids in vitro via cell fusion or entosis
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep36863
dc.subject.keyword Cell division
dc.subject.keyword Cellular imaging
dc.subject.keyword Cytoskeleton
dc.subject.keyword Entosis
dc.subject.keyword Mesenchymal stem cells
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/242630
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/686637
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/SEV2012-0208
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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