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Perceiving incredulity: the role of intonation and facial gestures

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dc.contributor.author Crespo Sendra, Verònica
dc.contributor.author Kaland, Constantijn
dc.contributor.author Swerts, Marc
dc.contributor.author Prieto Vives, Pilar, 1965-
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-17T14:55:44Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-17T14:55:44Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Crespo Sendra V, Kaland C, Swerts M, Prieto P. Perceiving incredulity: the role of intonation and facial gestures. J Pragmat. 2013 Feb;47(1):1-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.pragma.2012.08.008
dc.identifier.issn 0378-2166
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/27916
dc.description.abstract Recently, some studies have revealed that facial gestures can play an important role in teasing out the meaning of interrogative sentence types in a particular language (Srinivasan and Massaro, 2003 and Borràs-Comes and Prieto, 2011; among others). However, less is known about potential cross-linguistic differences. This paper investigates the interaction between facial gestures and intonation in the distinction between information-seeking and incredulity yes/no questions in two languages (i.e., Catalan and Dutch) which use different prosodic strategies to express the distinction between these two types of interrogatives. While Dutch uses two phonologically distinct intonational contours, Catalan uses the same pitch contour with a distinction in pitch range. Twenty listeners of Catalan and twenty listeners of Dutch performed a perception experiment with audio-only, video-only, and audiovisual stimuli in congruent and incongruent intonation and gestural combinations. The results reveal that there is a contrast between Dutch and Catalan listeners in the perceptual processing of these sentences. While Dutch participants rely more on intonational differences, Catalan participants use the facial expression cues to a greater extent. All in all, the results show that both languages express pragmatic contrasts both at the intonation and facial expression levels, and native speakers are highly sensitive to the relative weight of these cues at the perceptual level.
dc.description.sponsorship Parts of this paper were presented at the Phonetics and Phonology in Iberia Conference, 21–23 June 2011, at Universitat Rovira i Virgili in Tarragona (Spain). We are grateful to the audience at this conference for their helpful comments and discussion, especially Carlos Gussenhoven, and to the GrEP group for their help and comments. This research has been funded by projects FFI2009-07648/FILO and by the CONSOLIDER-INGENIO 2010 Programme CSD2007-00012 (both awarded by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación), by project 2009 SGR 701 (awarded by the Generalitat de Catalunya) and by the Atles interactiu de l’entonació del valencià (awarded by the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of pragmatics. 2013 Feb; 47(1): 1-13
dc.rights © Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.08.008
dc.title Perceiving incredulity: the role of intonation and facial gestures
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.08.008
dc.subject.keyword Gestures
dc.subject.keyword Intonation
dc.subject.keyword Information-seeking questions
dc.subject.keyword Incredulity questions intonational contrasts
dc.subject.keyword Catalan
dc.subject.keyword Dutch
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/FFI2009-07648/FILO
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PN/CSD2007-00012
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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