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Decision Making Impairment: A Shared Vulnerability in Obesity, Gambling Disorder and Substance Use Disorders?

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dc.contributor.author Mallorquí-Bagué, Nuria
dc.contributor.author Fagundo, Ana B.
dc.contributor.author Jiménez Murcia, Susana
dc.contributor.author Torre Fornell, Rafael de la
dc.contributor.author Baños, Rosa M.
dc.contributor.author Botella, Cristina
dc.contributor.author Casanueva, Felipe F.
dc.contributor.author Crujeiras, Ana B.
dc.contributor.author Fernández García, José C.
dc.contributor.author Fernández Real, Jose M.
dc.contributor.author Frühbeck, Gema
dc.contributor.author Granero, Roser
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez, Amaia
dc.contributor.author Tolosa-Sola, Iris
dc.contributor.author Ortega, Francesc
dc.contributor.author Tinahones Madueño, Francisco José
dc.contributor.author Alvarez-Moya, Eva
dc.contributor.author Ochoa, Cristian
dc.contributor.author Menchón, José M.
dc.contributor.author Fernández Aranda, Fernando
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-28T09:47:27Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-28T09:47:27Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Mallorquí-Bagué N, Fagundo AB, Jimenez-Murcia S, de la Torre R, Baños RM, Botella C et al. Decision Making Impairment: A Shared Vulnerability in Obesity, Gambling Disorder and Substance Use Disorders? PLoS One. 2016 Sep 30;11(9):e0163901. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/27616
dc.description.abstract INTRODUCTION: Addictions are associated with decision making impairments. The present study explores decision making in Substance use disorder (SUD), Gambling disorder (GD) and Obesity (OB) when assessed by Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and compares them with healthy controls (HC). METHODS: For the aims of this study, 591 participants (194 HC, 178 GD, 113 OB, 106 SUD) were assessed according to DSM criteria, completed a sociodemographic interview and conducted the IGT. RESULTS: SUD, GD and OB present impaired decision making when compared to the HC in the overall task and task learning, however no differences are found for the overall performance in the IGT among the clinical groups. Results also reveal some specific learning across the task patterns within the clinical groups: OB maintains negative scores until the third set where learning starts but with a less extend to HC, SUD presents an early learning followed by a progressive although slow improvement and GD presents more random choices with no learning. CONCLUSIONS: Decision making impairments are present in the studied clinical samples and they display individual differences in the task learning. Results can help understanding the underlying mechanisms of OB and addiction behaviors as well as improve current clinical treatments.
dc.description.sponsorship This manuscript was supported by grants from Instituto Salud Carlos III (ISCIII; FIS PI14/00290 and CIBERobn) and co-funded by Fondos Europeos de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) funds - a way to build Europe, and AGAUR (2014 SGR 1672). This manuscript was co-funded by Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (PSI2015-68701-R). CIBERobn and CIBERSAM are both initiatives of ISCIII. Jose C. Fernández-García is recipient of a research contract from Servicio Andaluz de Salud (SAS) .(B-0033-2014)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS) 
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One. 2016 Sep 30;11(9):e0163901
dc.rights © 2016 Mallorquí-Bagué et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.other Obesitat
dc.subject.other Decisió, Presa de
dc.title Decision Making Impairment: A Shared Vulnerability in Obesity, Gambling Disorder and Substance Use Disorders?
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163901
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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