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Incidence of sickness absence by type of employment contract: one year follow-up study in Spanish salaried workers

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dc.contributor.author Zaballa, Elena
dc.contributor.author Martínez Martínez, José Miguel, 1974-
dc.contributor.author Duran Jordà, Xavier, 1974-
dc.contributor.author Alberti, Constança
dc.contributor.author Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, David
dc.contributor.author Benavides, Fernando G. (Fernando García)
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-11T10:37:04Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-11T10:37:04Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Zaballa E, Martínez J, Duran X, Albertí C, Gimeno Ruiz de Porras D, Benavides F. Incidence of sickness absence by type of employment contract: one year follow-up study in Spanish salaried workers. Archives of Public Health. 2016;74:40. DOI: 10.1186/s13690-016-0152-x
dc.identifier.issn 2049-3258
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/27493
dc.description.abstract Background: To examine the differences in the incidence of registered sickness absence by type of employment contract in a large representative sample of salaried workers in Spain in 2009. Method: A study of 653,264 salaried workers covered by the Social Security system who had 133,724 sickness absence episodes in 2009. Crude and adjusted rate ratios and their corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with Poisson regression models. Results: The incidence rate per 100 workers-year of sickness absence for temporary workers (IR = 32.2) was slightly higher than that of permanent workers (IR = 28.9). This pattern was observed in both men (RR = 1.12; 95 % CI 1.10–1.14) and women (RR 1.11; 95 % CI 1.09–1.12). However, after adjusting for age, company size, and occupational category, the differences disappeared in men (aRR = 1.01; 95 % CI 0.99–1.02) and decreased in women (aRR = 1.06; 95 % CI 1.04–1.07). Conclusion: Our findings provide evidence on the independence of sickness absence benefits from the type of employment contract as well as on the nonexistence of incentives for taking sickness absence in workers with a permanent employment contract. In the context of increasing market flexibility, these results show a positive functioning of the Social Security system.
dc.description.sponsorship Funding for this research was supported in part by the Institut d’Avaluacions Mèdiques i Sanitàries and the Instituto de Salud Carlos III-FEDER (FIS PI 14/0057).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof Archives of Public Health. 2016;74:40
dc.rights © 2016 The Author(s). Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Incidence of sickness absence by type of employment contract: one year follow-up study in Spanish salaried workers
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13690-016-0152-x
dc.subject.keyword Employment conditions
dc.subject.keyword Occupational health
dc.subject.keyword Sick leave
dc.subject.keyword Social Security system
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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