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Association of mental disorders with subsequent chronic physical conditions: world mental health surveys from 17 countries

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dc.contributor.author Scott, Kate M.
dc.contributor.author Lim, Carmen
dc.contributor.author Al-Hamzawi, Ali
dc.contributor.author Alonso Caballero, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Bruffaerts, Ronny
dc.contributor.author Caldas de Almeida, José Miguel
dc.contributor.author Florescu, Silvia
dc.contributor.author Girolamo, Giovanni de
dc.contributor.author Hu, Chiyi
dc.contributor.author Jonge, Peter de
dc.contributor.author Kawakami, Norito
dc.contributor.author Medina Mora, Maria Elena
dc.contributor.author Moskalewicz, Jacek
dc.contributor.author Navarro Mateu, Fernando
dc.contributor.author O’Neill, Siobhan
dc.contributor.author Piazza, Marina
dc.contributor.author Posada Villa, José
dc.contributor.author Torres, Yolanda
dc.contributor.author Kessler, Ronald C.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-14T12:58:15Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Scott KM, Lim C, Al-Hamzawi A, Alonso J, Bruffaerts R, Caldas-de-Almeida JM et al. Association of mental disorders with subsequent chronic physical conditions: world mental health surveys from 17 countries. JAMA psychiatry. 2016;73(2):150-8. DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.2688
dc.identifier.issn 2168-622X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/26095
dc.description.abstract IMPORTANCE: It is clear that mental disorders in treatment settings are associated with a higher incidence of chronic physical conditions, but whether this is true of mental disorders in the community, and how generalized (across a range of physical health outcomes) these associations are, is less clear. This information has important implications for mental health care and the primary prevention of chronic physical disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of 16 temporally prior DSM-IV mental disorders with the subsequent onset or diagnosis of 10 chronic physical conditions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen face-to-face, cross-sectional household surveys of community-dwelling adults were conducted in 17 countries (47 609 individuals; 2 032 942 person-years) from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2011. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to retrospectively assess the lifetime prevalence and age at onset of DSM-IV-identified mental disorders. Data analysis was performed from January 3, 2012, to September 30, 2015. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Lifetime history of physical conditions was ascertained via self-report of physician's diagnosis and year of onset or diagnosis. Survival analyses estimated the associations of temporally prior first onset of mental disorders with subsequent onset or diagnosis of physical conditions. RESULTS: Most associations between 16 mental disorders and subsequent onset or diagnosis of 10 physical conditions were statistically significant, with odds ratios (ORs) (95% CIs) ranging from 1.2 (1.0-1.5) to 3.6 (2.0-6.6). The associations were attenuated after adjustment for mental disorder comorbidity, but mood, anxiety, substance use, and impulse control disorders remained significantly associated with onset of between 7 and all 10 of the physical conditions (ORs [95% CIs] from 1.2 [1.1-1.3] to 2.0 [1.4-2.8]). An increasing number of mental disorders experienced over the life course was significantly associated with increasing odds of onset or diagnosis of all 10 types of physical conditions, with ORs (95% CIs) for 1 mental disorder ranging from 1.3 (1.1-1.6) to 1.8 (1.4-2.2) and ORs (95% CIs) for 5 or more mental disorders ranging from 1.9 (1.4-2.7) to 4.0 (2.5-6.5). In population-attributable risk estimates, specific mental disorders were associated with 1.5% to 13.3% of physical condition onsets. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: These findings suggest that mental disorders of all kinds are associated with an increased risk of onset of a wide range of chronic physical conditions. Current efforts to improve the physical health of individuals with mental disorders may be too narrowly focused on the small group with the most severe mental disorders. Interventions aimed at the primary prevention of chronic physical diseases should optimally be integrated into treatment of all mental disorders in primary and secondary care from early in the disorder course.
dc.description.sponsorship The World Health Organization World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative is supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH; R01 MH070884), the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Pfizer Foundation, the US Public Health Service (R13-MH066849, R01-MH069864, and R01 DA016558), the Fogarty International Center (FIRCA R03-TW006481), the Pan American Health Organization, Eli Lilly & Company, Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical,GlaxoSmithKline, and Bristol-Myers Squibb. The Colombian National Study of Mental Health was supported by the Ministry of Social Protection, with supplemental support from the Saldarriaga Concha Foundation. The European surveys were funded by the European Commission (Contracts QLG5-1999-01042, SANCO 2004123, and EAH 20081308), the Piedmont Region (Italy), Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain (FIS 00/0028), Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Spain (SAF 2000-158-CE), Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (CIBER CB06/02/0046, RETICS RD06/0011 REM-TAP), and other local agencies and by an unrestricted educational grant from GlaxoSmithKline. The WMH Japan Survey was supported by the Grant for Research on Psychiatric and Neurological Diseases and Mental Health (H13-SHOGAI-023, H14-TOKUBETSU-026, and H16-KOKORO-013) from the Japan Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare. The Mexican National Comorbidity Survey was supported by the National Institute of Psychiatry Ramon de la Fuente (INPRFMDIES 4280) and by the National Council on Science and Technology (CONACyT-G30544- H), with supplemental support from the Pan American Health Organization. The Peruvian WMH Study was funded by the National Institute of Health of the Ministry of Health of Peru. The Polish project Epidemiology of Mental Health and Access to Care–EZOP Poland was funded by the Norwegian Financial Mechanism and the European Economic Area Mechanism as well as the Polish Ministry of Health. No support from pharmaceutical industry or other commercial sources was received. The Shenzhen Mental Health Survey was supported by the Shenzhen Bureau of Health and the Shenzhen Bureau of Science, Technology, and Information. The Iraq Mental Health Survey received funding from both the Japanese and European Funds through United Nations Development Group Iraq Trust Fund. The Israel National Health Survey was funded by the Ministry of Health with support from the Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research and the National Insurance Institute of Israel. Te Rau Hinengaro: The New Zealand Mental Health Survey was supported by the New Zealand Ministry of Health, Alcohol Advisory Council, and Health Research Council. The Portuguese Mental Health Study was funded by the Champalimaud Foundation, Gulbenkian Foundation, Foundation for Science and Technology, and Ministry of Health. The Romania WMH study projects—Policies in Mental Health Area and National Study Regarding Mental Health and Services Use—were funded by the Ministry of Public Health (former Ministry of Health), with supplemental support of Eli Lilly Romania SRL. The US National Comorbidity Survey Replication is supported by the NIMH (U01-MH60220), with supplemental support from the National Institute of Drug Abuse, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (grant 044708), and the John W. Alden Trust. Work on this article was partially funded by grant 11/200 from the Health Research Council of New Zealand (Dr Scott)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher American Medical Association
dc.relation.ispartof JAMA psychiatry. 2016;73(2):150-8
dc.rights © American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved
dc.subject.other Malalties mentals -- Europa
dc.title Association of mental disorders with subsequent chronic physical conditions: world mental health surveys from 17 countries
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.2688
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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