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Consumption of iogurt, low-fat milk, and other low-fat dairy products is associated with lower risk of metabolic syndrome incidence in an elderly mediterranean population.

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dc.contributor.author Babio, Nancy
dc.contributor.author Becerra-Tomás, Nerea
dc.contributor.author Martínez-González, Miguel A.
dc.contributor.author Corella, Dolores
dc.contributor.author Estruch, Ramón
dc.contributor.author Ros, Emilio
dc.contributor.author Sayón-Orea, Carmen
dc.contributor.author Fitó Colomer, Montserrat
dc.contributor.author Serra-Majem, Luis
dc.contributor.author Arós, Fernando
dc.contributor.author Lamuela-Raventós, Rosa M.
dc.contributor.author Lapetra, José
dc.contributor.author Gómez-Gracia, Enrique
dc.contributor.author Fiol, Miquel
dc.contributor.author Díaz‑López, Andrés
dc.contributor.author Sorlí, J.V.
dc.contributor.author Martínez, J.A.
dc.contributor.author Salas-Salvadó, Jordi
dc.contributor.author PREDIMED investigators
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-02T09:07:24Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-02T09:07:24Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Babio N, Becerra-Tomás N, Martínez-González MÁ, Corella D, Estruch R, Ros E. et al. Consumption of iogurt, low-fat milk, and other low-fat dairy products is associated with lower risk of metabolic syndrome incidence in an elderly mediterranean population. J Nutr. 2015 Oct;145(10):2308-16. doi: 10.3945/jn.115.214593.
dc.identifier.issn 0022-3166
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/25960
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: The association between consumption of dairy products and the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) is unclear./nOBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations between consumption of dairy products (total and different subtypes) and incident MetS in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 1868 men and women (55-80 y old) without MetS at baseline, recruited from different PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) centers between October 2003 and June 2009 and followed up until December 2010. MetS was defined according to updated, harmonized criteria. At baseline and yearly thereafter, we determined anthropometric variables, dietary habits by a 137-item validated food-frequency questionnaire, and blood biochemistry. Multivariable-adjusted HRs of MetS or its components were estimated for each of the 2 upper tertiles (vs. the lowest one) of mean consumption of dairy products during the follow-up. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 3.2 y, we documented 930 incident MetS cases. In the multivariable-adjusted model, HRs (95% CIs) of MetS for the comparison of extreme tertiles of dairy product consumption were 0.72 (0.61, 0.86) for low-fat dairy, 0.73 (0.62, 0.86) for low-fat yogurt, 0.78 (0.66, 0.92) for whole-fat yogurt, and 0.80 (0.67, 0.95) for low-fat milk. The respective HR for cheese was 1.31 (1.10, 1.56). CONCLUSIONS: Higher consumption of low-fat dairy products, yogurt (total, low-fat, and whole-fat yogurt) and low-fat milk was associated with a reduced risk of MetS in individuals at high cardiovascular disease risk from a Mediterranean population. Conversely, higher consumption of cheese was related to a higher risk of MetS. This trial was registered at controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN35739639.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher American Society for Nutrition
dc.subject.other Productes lactis -- Aspectes nutritius
dc.subject.other Persones grans -- Alimentació
dc.title Consumption of iogurt, low-fat milk, and other low-fat dairy products is associated with lower risk of metabolic syndrome incidence in an elderly mediterranean population.
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/jn.115.214593
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


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