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The impact of early bilingualism on controlling a language learned late: an ERP study

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dc.contributor.author Martin, Clara D.
dc.contributor.author Strijkers, Kristof
dc.contributor.author Santesteban, Mikel
dc.contributor.author Escera, Carles
dc.contributor.author Hartsuiker, Robert J.
dc.contributor.author Costa, Albert, 1970-
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-15T19:02:43Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-15T19:02:43Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Martin CD, Strijkers K, Santesteban M, Escera C, Hartsuiker RJ, Costa A. The impact of early bilingualism on controlling a language learned late: an ERP study. Front Psychol. 2013;815(4):1-15. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00815.
dc.identifier.issn 1664-1078
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/25826
dc.description.abstract This study asks whether early bilingual speakers who have already developed a language control mechanism to handle two languages control a dominant and a late acquired language in the same way as late bilingual speakers. We therefore, compared event-related potentials in a language switching task in two groups of participants switching between a dominant (L1) and a weak late acquired language (L3). Early bilingual late learners of an L3 showed a different ERP pattern (larger N2 mean amplitude) as late bilingual late learners of an L3. Even though the relative strength of languages was similar in both groups (a dominant and a weak late acquired language), they controlled their language output in a different manner. Moreover, the N2 was similar in two groups of early bilinguals tested in languages of different strength. We conclude that early bilingual learners of an L3 do not control languages in the same way as late bilingual L3 learners –who have not achieved native-like proficiency in their L2– do. This difference might explain some of the advantages early bilinguals have when learning new languages.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by grants from the Spanish Government/n(PSI2011-23033, Consolider Ingenio 2010 CSD2007-00012) and/nthe Catalan Government (Consolidado SGR 2009-1521). Clara/nD. Martin was supported by the Spanish Government (Grant/nJuan de la Cierva) and is now supported by the IKERBASQUE/nfoundation for science and the Basque Center on Cognition,/nBrain and Language. Mikel Santesteban was supported by the/nBasque Government (IT665-13). Carles Escera was awarded by/nthe ICREA Academia Distinguished Professorship.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers Media
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers in Psychology. 2013;815(4):1-15
dc.rights © 2013 Martin, Strijkers, Santesteban, Escera, Hartsuiker and Costa./nThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.title The impact of early bilingualism on controlling a language learned late: an ERP study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00815
dc.subject.keyword Bilingual proficiency
dc.subject.keyword Language control
dc.subject.keyword Switch cost
dc.subject.keyword N2 ERP component
dc.subject.keyword LPC
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PN/CSD2007-00012
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/PSI2011-23033
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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