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Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City: a population-based incidence study.

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dc.contributor.author Martí-Pastor, Marc
dc.contributor.author Garcia de Olalla, Patricia
dc.contributor.author Barberà, María Jesús
dc.contributor.author Manzardo, Christian
dc.contributor.author Ocaña, Inma
dc.contributor.author Knobel Freud, Hernando
dc.contributor.author Gurguí, Mercè
dc.contributor.author Humet, Victoria
dc.contributor.author Vall, Martí
dc.contributor.author Ribera, Esteban
dc.contributor.author Villar García, Judit
dc.contributor.author Martin-Ezquerra, Gemma
dc.contributor.author Sambeat, Maria A.
dc.contributor.author Marco, Andrés
dc.contributor.author Vives, Alvaro
dc.contributor.author Alsina, Mercè
dc.contributor.author Mir, Josep M.
dc.contributor.author Caylà i Busqueras, Joan A.
dc.contributor.author HIV Surveillance Group
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-11T09:31:15Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-11T09:31:15Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Martí-Pastor M, García de Olalla P, Barberá MJ, Manzardo C, Ocaña I, Knobel H et al. Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City: a population-based incidence study. BMC Public Health. 2015 Oct 5;15:1015. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-2344-7.
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2458
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/25787
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the evolution of HIV infection, gonorrhea, syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and their epidemiological characteristics in Barcelona city. METHODS: Population-based incidence study of all newly occurring diagnoses of HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea and LGV detected in Barcelona between January 2007 and December 2011. A descriptive analysis was performed. The annual incidence rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated by sex, sexual conduct and educational level. To estimate global sex-specific rates we used the Barcelona city census; for the calculation of rates by sexual conduct and educational level we used estimates of the Barcelona Health Interview Survey. Trends were analysed using the chi-squared test for linear trend. RESULTS: HIV. 66.8 % of the HIV cases were men who had sex with men (MSM). The incidence rates in MSM over the study period were from 692.67/100,000 to 909.88/100,000 inh. Syphilis. 74.2 % of the syphilis cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 224.9/100,000 to 891.97/100,000 inh. and the MSM with a university education ranged from 196.3/100,000 to 1020.8/100,000. Gonorrhea. 45.5 % of the gonorrhea cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 164.24/100,000 to 404.79/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 176.7/100,000 to 530.1/100,000 inh.. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). 95.3 % of the LGV cases are MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 24.99/100,000 to 282.99/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 9.3/100,000 to 265/100,000 inh. CONCLUSION: An increase in cases of STI was observed. These STI mainly affected MSM with a university education. Continuing to monitor changes in the epidemiology of STI, and identifying the most affected groups should permit redesigning preventive programs, with the goal of finding the most efficient way to reach these population groups.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof BMC Public Health. 2015 Oct 5;15:1015
dc.rights This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://​creativecommons.​org/​licenses/​by/​4.​0/​), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://​creativecommons.​org/​publicdomain/​zero/​1.​0/​) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.other Malalties de transmissió sexual
dc.subject.other VIH (Virus)
dc.subject.other Sífilis
dc.title Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City: a population-based incidence study.
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2344-7
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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