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Coverage of overdose prevention programs for opiate users and injectors: a cross-sectional study

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dc.contributor.author Arribas-Ibar, Elisabet, 1987-
dc.contributor.author Sánchez Niubò, Albert
dc.contributor.author Majó, Xavier
dc.contributor.author Domingo i Salvany, Antònia
dc.contributor.author Brugal i Puig, M. Teresa
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-16T16:03:29Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-16T16:03:29Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Arribas-Ibar E, Sánchez-Niubò A, Majó X, Domingo-Salvany A, Brugal M. Coverage of overdose prevention programs for opiate users and injectors: a cross-sectional study. Harm Reduction Journal. 2014;11:33. DOI: 10.1186/1477-7517-11-33
dc.identifier.issn 1477-7517
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/25451
dc.description.abstract Background. The use of opiates, particularly heroin, remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Half of the deaths among heroin consumers are attributed to overdose. In response to this problem, overdose prevention programs (OPPs) were designed. The objective of our study was to assess coverage of OPPs among the target population in a specific Spanish region (Catalonia) and to identify characteristics related to attendance./nMethods. A cross-sectional survey recruited individuals from outpatient treatment centers (OTCs), therapeutic communities (ThCs), and harm reduction facilities (HRFs) in Catalonia. From 513 participants, 306 opiate users and/or injectors were selected for this study. Coverage was calculated as the proportion of subjects who declared having participated in an OPP. A Poisson regression with robust variance was used to assess factors (socio-demographic aspects and psychoactive substance use patterns) associated to OPP participation, taking into account recruitment strategy./nResults. Average age of the 306 subjects was 39.7 years (s.d.: 7.7); 79% were male; 79.2% lived in urban areas and 56.3% were unemployed or had never worked. Overall OPP coverage was 43.5% (95% CI: 37%–49%). Training was received mostly in HRF (60%), followed by OTC (24.4%), prison (19%), and ThC (16%). OPP sessions were attended by 41% of Spanish-born study participants and by 63.3% of foreigners; 92.2% of the participants lived in urban areas. The Poisson regression analysis adjusted by age, sex, and type of recruitment center showed that OPP participation rates were higher for individuals with foreign nationality (PR = 1.3; 95% CI: 1.04–1.72), for those living in municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants (PR = 2.0; 95% CI: 1.37–2.81) or the Barcelona conurbation (PR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.68–3.77), and for those having ever been in prison (PR = 1.6; 95% CI: 1.41–1.81) and had first consumption when they were less than 12 years old (PR = 1.2; 95% CI: 1.06–1.45)./nConclusion. Coverage as a whole can be considered high. However, in Catalonia, new strategies ought to be developed in order to attract opiate users and injectors not currently participating, by expanding OPP offer to services and regions where coverage is poor.
dc.description.sponsorship Funding for this study was provided by the Spanish Government Grant: Instituto de Salud Carlos III-FIS PI11/01358. Further financial support was provided by the Agència de Gestió d’Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca (AGAUR 2009 SGR 718) and FIS-Redes de investigación cooperativa RD12/0028/0018.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof Harm Reduction Journal. 2014;11:33
dc.rights © 2014 Arribas-Ibar et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
dc.subject.other Heroïna -- Ús terapèutic
dc.title Coverage of overdose prevention programs for opiate users and injectors: a cross-sectional study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-11-33
dc.subject.keyword Coverage
dc.subject.keyword Drug injectors
dc.subject.keyword Harm reduction program
dc.subject.keyword Heroin overdose
dc.subject.keyword Opiates users
dc.subject.keyword Drug and overdose prevention program
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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