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No evidence that MDMA-induced enhancement of emotional empathy is related to peripheral oxytocin levels or 5-HT1a receptor activation

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dc.contributor.author Kuypers, Kim PC
dc.contributor.author Torre Fornell, Rafael de la
dc.contributor.author Farré Albaladejo, Magí
dc.contributor.author Yubero Lahoz, Samanta, 1985-
dc.contributor.author Dziobek, Isabel
dc.contributor.author Van Den Bos, Wouter
dc.contributor.author Ramaekers, Johannes G.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-22T07:45:37Z
dc.date.available 2015-05-22T07:45:37Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Kuypers KPC, De La Torre R, Farre M, Yubero-Lahoz S, Dziobek I, Van Den Bos W, Ramaekers JG. No evidence that MDMA-induced enhancement of emotional empathy is related to peripheral oxytocin levels or 5-HT1a receptor activation. PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(6): e100719. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0100719
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/23618
dc.description.abstract The present study aimed at investigating the effect of MDMA on measures of empathy and social interaction, and the roles of oxytocin and the 5-HT1A receptor in these effects. The design was placebo-controlled within-subject with 4 treatment conditions: MDMA (75 mg), with or without pindolol (20 mg), oxytocin nasal spray (40 IU+16 IU) or placebo. Participants were 20 healthy poly-drug MDMA users, aged between 18–26 years. Cognitive and emotional empathy were assessed by means of the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test and the Multifaceted Empathy Test. Social interaction, defined as trust and reciprocity, was assessed by means of a Trust Game and a Social Ball Tossing Game. Results showed that MDMA selectively affected emotional empathy and left cognitive empathy, trust and reciprocity unaffected. When combined with pindolol, these effects remained unchanged. Oxytocin did not affect measures of empathy and social interaction. Changes in emotional empathy were not related to oxytocin plasma levels. It was concluded that MDMA (75 mg) selectively enhances emotional empathy in humans. While the underlying neurobiological mechanism is still unknown, it is suggested that peripheral oxytocin does not seem to be the main actor in this; potential candidates are the serotonin 2A and the vasopressin 1A receptors.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), Grant number: 400-07-2013, awarded to JR and KK.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(6): e100719
dc.rights © 2014 Kuypers et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
dc.subject.other MDMA (Droga) -- Metabolisme
dc.subject.other Drogoaddicció -- Investigació -- Models animals
dc.title No evidence that MDMA-induced enhancement of emotional empathy is related to peripheral oxytocin levels or 5-HT1a receptor activation
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100719
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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