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Sickness presenteeism in Spanish-born and immigrant workers in Spain

Mostra el registre parcial de l'element Agudelo Suárez, Andrés A Benavides, Fernando G. (Fernando García) Felt, Emily Ronda-Pérez, Elena Vives Cases, Carmen García, Ana M 2012-05-11T07:29:15Z 2012-05-11T07:29:15Z 2010
dc.identifier.citation Agudelo-Suarez AA, Benavides FG, Felt E, Ronda-Perez E, Vives-Cases C, Garcia AM. Sickness presenteeism in Spanish-born and immigrant workers in Spain. BMC Public Health. 2010; 10: 791. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-791
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2458
dc.description.abstract Background: Previous studies have shown that immigrant workers face relatively worse working and employment conditions, as well as lower rates of sickness absence than native-born workers. This study aims to assess rates of sickness presenteeism in a sample of Spanish-born and foreign-born workers according to different characteristics. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst a convenience sample of workers (Spanish-born and foreign-born), living in four Spanish cities: Barcelona, Huelva, Madrid and Valencia (2008-2009). Sickness presenteeism information was collected through two items in the questionnaire ("Have you had health problems in the last year?" and "Have you ever had to miss work for any health problem?") and was defined as worker who had a health problem (answered yes, first item) and had not missed work (answered no, second item). For the analysis, the sample of 2,059 workers (1,617 foreign-born) who answered yes to health problems was included. After descriptives, logistic regressions were used to establish the association between origin country and sickness presenteeism (adjusted odds ratios aOR; 95% confidence interval 95%CI). Analyses were stratified per time spent in Spain among foreign-born workers. Results: All of the results refer to the comparison between foreign-born and Spanish-born workers as a whole, and in some categories relating to personal and occupational conditions. Foreign-born workers were more likely to report sickness presenteeism compared with their Spanish-born counterparts, especially those living in Spain for under 2 years [Prevalence: 42% in Spanish-born and 56.3% in Foreign-born; aOR 1.77 95%CI 1.24-2.53]. In case of foreign-born workers (with time in Spain < 2 years), men [aOR 2.31 95%CI 1.40-3.80], those with university studies [aOR 3.01 95%CI 1.04-8.69], temporary contracts [aOR 2.26 95%CI 1.29-3.98] and salaries between 751-1,200€ per month [aOR 1.74 95% CI 1.04-2.92] were more likely to report sickness presenteeism. Also, recent immigrants with good self-perceived health and good mental health were more likely to report presenteeism than Spanish-born workers with the same good health indicators. Conclusions: Immigrant workers report more sickness presenteeism than their Spanish-born counterparts. These results could be related to precarious work and employment conditions of immigrants. Immigrant workers should benefit from the same standards of social security, and of health and safety in the workplace that are enjoyed by Spanish workers.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof BMC Public Health. 2010; 10: 791
dc.rights (c) 2010 Agudelo-Suárez et al. Creative Commons Attribution License
dc.subject.other Absentisme laboral
dc.subject.other Immigrants -- Treball -- Espanya
dc.subject.other Salut en el treball
dc.subject.other Treballadors -- Espanya
dc.title Sickness presenteeism in Spanish-born and immigrant workers in Spain
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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