Is there really a backlash against multiculturalism policies? New evidence from the multiculturalism policy index

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Banting, Keith G.; Kymlicka, Will. Is there really a backlash against multiculturalism policies? New evidence from the multiculturalism policy index. 2012
http://hdl.handle.net/10230/17066
To cite or link this document: http://hdl.handle.net/10230/17066
dc.contributor.author Banting, Keith G.
dc.contributor.author Kymlicka, Will
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-27T01:52:10Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-27T01:52:10Z
dc.date.issued 2012-09
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/17066
dc.description.abstract In much of the western world, and particularly in Europe, there is a widespread perception that multiculturalism has ‘failed’ and that governments who once embraced a multicultural approach to diversity are turning away, adopting a strong emphasis on civic integration. This reaction, we are told, “reflects a seismic shift not just in the Netherlands, but in other European countries as well” (JOPPKE 2007). This paper challenges this view. Drawing on an updated version of the Multiculturalism Policy Index introduced earlier (BANTING and KYMLICKA 2006), the paper presents an index of the strength of multicultural policies for European countries and several traditional countries of immigration at three points in time (1980, 2000 and 2010). The results paint a different picture of contemporary experience in Europe. While a small number of countries, including most notably the Netherlands, have weakened established multicultural policies during the 2000s, such a shift is the exception. Most countries that adopted multicultural approaches in the later part of the twentieth century have maintained their programs in the first decade of the new century; and a significant number of countries have added new ones. In much of Europe, multicultural policies are not in general retreat. As a result, the turn to civic integration is often being layered on top of existing multicultural programs, leading to a blended approach to diversity. The paper reflects on the compatibility of multiculturalism policies and civic integration, arguing that more liberal forms of civic integration can be combined with multiculturalism but that more illiberal or coercive forms are incompatible with a multicultural approach.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.uri L'accés als continguts d'aquest document queda condicionat a l'acceptació de les condicions d'ús establertes per la següent llicència Creative Commons: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Multiculturalisme - Europa
dc.subject.other Emigració i immigració -- Europa
dc.subject.other Integració social -- Europa
dc.subject.other 3 - Ciències socials
dc.title Is there really a backlash against multiculturalism policies? New evidence from the multiculturalism policy index
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/draft
dc.date.modified 2012-09-26T07:36:36Z


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