The world distribution of income (estimated from individual country distributions)

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Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. The world distribution of income (estimated from individual country distributions). 2002
http://hdl.handle.net/10230/1189
To cite or link this document: http://hdl.handle.net/10230/1189
dc.contributor.author Sala-i-Martin, Xavier
dc.contributor.other Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
dc.date.issued 2002-01-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/1189
dc.description.abstract We estimate the world distribution of income by integrating individual income distributions for 125 countries between 1970 and 1998. We estimate poverty rates and headcounts by integrating the density function below the $1/day and $2/day poverty lines. We find that poverty rates decline substantially over the last twenty years. We compute poverty headcounts and find that the number of one-dollar poor declined by 235 million between 1976 and 1998. The number of $2/day poor declined by 450 million over the same period. We analyze poverty across different regions and countries. Asia is a great success, especially after 1980. Latin America reduced poverty substantially in the 1970s but progress stopped in the 1980s and 1990s. The worst performer was Africa, where poverty rates increased substantially over the last thirty years: the number of $1/day poor in Africa increased by 175 million between 1970 and 1998, and the number of $2/day poor increased by 227. Africa hosted 11% of the world’s poor in 1960. It hosted 66% of them in 1998. We estimate nine indexes of income inequality implied by our world distribution of income. All of them show substantial reductions in global income inequality during the 1980s and 1990s.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries Economics and Business Working Papers Series; 615
dc.rights L'accés als continguts d'aquest document queda condicionat a l'acceptació de les condicions d'ús establertes per la següent llicència Creative Commons
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.title The world distribution of income (estimated from individual country distributions)
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
dc.date.modified 2014-06-03T07:14:07Z
dc.subject.keyword Macroeconomics and International Economics
dc.subject.keyword income inequality
dc.subject.keyword poverty
dc.subject.keyword world distribution of income
dc.subject.keyword growth
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess


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